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D Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual companies; data are included in higher-level totals.
1 Includes nonclassifiable establishments not shown separately.
2 Includes forestry and fisheries.
3 Includes other public utilities.
4 Includes real estate.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, County Business Patterns, annual.
COUNTY BUSINESS PATTERNS
County Business Patterns is an annual series that includes a separate report for each State, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and a U.S. Summary. Each report presents State- and county-level mid-March employment, first-quarter and annual payrolls, total number of establishments, and number of establishments by employment-size class. The data are tabulated by industry as defined in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual: 1987. Most of the economic divisions of the Nation's economy are covered in these reports; i.e., agricultural services; mining; construction; manufacturing; transportation, public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, real estate; and services.
This series represents an extension of a program that has been published annually since 1964 and at irregular intervals dating back to 1946. The comparability of data may be affected by: a definitional change to an "establishment" basis of tabulation from a "reporting unit" concept prior to 1974; the determination of "active" status of an establishment prior to 1983; and changes in industrial classification beginning in 1988. A description of previous publications is provided on the inside back cover. The data generally represent the types of employment covered by the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA). Data for employees of establishments totally exempt from FICA are excluded, as are self-employed persons, domestic service workers, railroad employees, agricultural production workers, most government employees, and employees on ocean borne vessels or in foreign countries. County Business Patterns is the only series that provides annual subnational data by two-, three-, and four-digit levels of the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. The series, therefore, is most useful for making basic economic studies of small areas, for analyzing the industrial structure of regions, and as a benchmark for statistical series, surveys, and databases between economic censuses. The series serves various business uses; e.g., analyzing market potential, measuring the effectiveness of sales and advertising programs, and setting sales quotas and budgets. The data are also used by government agencies for administration and planning.
SOURCES OF DATA
County Business Patterns basic data items are extracted from the Standard Statistical Establishment List, a file of all known single and multi establishment companies maintained and updated by the Bureau of the Census. The Annual Company Organization Survey provides individual establishment data for multilocation firms. Data for single-location firms are obtained from various programs conducted by the Census Bureau, such as the Annual Report of Organization, the Annual Survey of Manufactures, and Current Business Surveys, as well as from administrative records of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).
DEFINITIONS OF BASIC DATA ITEMS
An establishment is a single physical location at which business is conducted or where services or industrial operations are performed. It is not necessarily identical with a company or enterprise, which may consist of one establishment or more. All activities carried on at a location generally are grouped together and classified on the basis of the major reported activity, and all data for the establishment are included in that classification. Administrative and auxiliary establishments primarily manage, administer, service, or support the activities of other establishments of the same company rather than the establishments of other business firms or the general public. Employment and payroll for these establishments are shown separately by industry division for each State and county.
Establishment-size designations are determined by paid employment in the mid-March pay period. The size group "1 to 4" includes establishments that did not report any paid employees in the mid-March pay period but paid wages to at least one employee at some time during the year.
Establishment counts represent the number of locations determined to be active any time during the year (payroll reported in any quarter). In years prior to 1983, the count of establishments represented the number of businesses active in the fourth quarter. A comparison of the number of establishments based on both definitions was presented by major industry group for the United States as a whole in Appendix D of the 1982 U.S. Summary. This report excludes governmental establishments classified in the covered industries except for liquor stores (SIC 592) and wholesale liquor establishments (SIC 518) operated by State and local governments and all hospitals (SIC 806) beginning with 1989 data.
Total annual payroll includes all forms of compensation, such as salaries, wages, commissions, bonuses, vacation allowances, sick-leave pay, and the value of payments in kind (e.g., free meals and lodgings) paid during the year to all employees. Tips and gratuities received by employees from patrons and reported to employers are included. For corporations, it includes amounts paid to officers and executives; for unincorporated businesses, it does not include profit or other compensation of proprietors or partners. Payroll is reported before deductions for Social Security, income tax, insurance, union dues, etc. This definition of payroll is the same as that used on IRS Form 941. First- quarter payroll consists of payroll, as defined above, paid to persons employed at any time during the January-to-March quarter.
Paid employment consists of full- and part-time employees, including salaried officers and executives of corporations, who were on the payroll in the pay period including March 12. Included are employees on paid sick leave, holidays, and vacations; not included are proprietors and partners of unincorporated businesses. The definition of paid employees is the same as that used on IRS Form 941
Beginning with the 1988 County Business Patterns series, industry classifications are based on the 1987 edition of the SIC Manual. Because of time and cost limitations, it was not possible to retabulate 1987 data based on the revised SIC codes. Although the 1988 U.S. Summary contained appendixes describing the relation between old and new classification systems, users should exercise caution when analyzing changes in reported levels between 1988 and 1987 data years for industries affected by the SIC revision. In a few instances, the most detailed industrial classification for which data are shown represents a combination of more detailed SIC industries. These classifications are explained in an appendix in the U.S. Summary. The industry titles used throughout this publication are the short SIC titles; complete descriptions are contained in the SIC Manual. Typically, "unclassified establishments" includes new businesses that cannot be classified in any major industry group because of insufficient kind-of-business information.
These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.
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