uscensus banner

Custom Search

1. Population
2. Vital Statistics
3. Health and Nutrition
4. Education
5. Law Enforcement, Courts
and Prisons
6. Geography and Environment
7. Parks, Recreation, Travel
8. Elections
9. State and Local Government
Finances and Employment
10. Federal Government
Finances and Employment
11. National Defense and
Veterans Affairs
12. Social Insurance and Human
13. Labor Force, Employment,
and Earnings
14. Income, Expenditures, and
15. Prices
16. Banking, Finance, and
17. Business Enterprise
18. Communications and
Information Technology
19. Energy
20. Science and Technology
21. Transportation - Land
22. Transportation - Air
and Water
23. Agriculture
24. Natural Resources
25. Construction and Housing
26. Manufactures
27. Domestic Trade and
28. Foreign Commerce and Aid
29. Outlying Areas
30. Comparative International
31. Industrial Outlook
32. 1997 Economic Census

491. Number of Governments, by Type--States

[Governments in existence in January. Limited to governments actually in existence. Excludes, therefore, a few counties and numerous townships and "incorporated places" existing as areas for which statistics can be presented as to population and other subjects, but lacking any separate organized county, township, or municipal government. Based on the Census of Governments; see summary below table]

1982 1987 1987 1992 1992 1997 1997
State POST FIPS All School Special Special district Special district Special district
OFFICE CODE govern- district district All All All
ABBREV mental govern- County Muni- Town- School Special Natural Fire Housing& govern- County Muni- Town- School Special Natural Fire Housing& govern- County Muni- Town- School Special Natural Fire Housing&
units 1 mental cipal ship2 district district, resources pro- community mental cipal ship 2 district district, resources pro- community mental cipal ship 2 district district, resources pro- community
units 1 total 3 tection development units 1 total 3 tection development units 1 total 3 tection development

United States

Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming

1 Includes "town" governments in the six New England States and in Minnesota, New York, and Wisconsin.
2 Single function districts.
3 Includes other special districts not shown separately.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census of Governments, Government Organization", series (GC(1)-1), quinquennial. * CENSUS OF GOVERNMENTS


To provide periodic and comprehensive statistics about governments and governmental activities. The United States Code, Title 13, requires this census and provides for voluntary responses.


All state and local governments in the U.S. Local governments include counties, cities, townships, special districts and school districts. Government activities are those classified in SIC Division J and selected other Divisions (such as state liquor stores, Division G, and education services, Division I). Data for Federal agencies are reformatted and included to show total public sector activities. In 1995, government purchases of goods and services accounted for 12 percent of the Gross Domestic Product.


Data are obtained on government organizations, finances, and employment. Organizations data include location, type, and characteristics of local governments and officials. Finances and employment data are the same as in comparable annual surveys and include revenue, expenditures, debt, assets, employees, payroll, and benefits.


Every 5 years since 1957, for years ending in "2" and "7." Reference periods for data vary by census phase; organization counts are for the calendar year prior to the census year, assessment and finance data are for the fiscal year prior to July, and employment data are for October of the census year. Starting in 1997, employment will be for March of the census year.


A three-phased state and local government data collection, supplemented by data from Federal agencies. Phase 1 is a pre-census directory survey of all 85,000 local governments. It is primarily a mail-out/mail-back survey; and produces an updated list of all local governments and selected data.

Phase 2 expands the census-year annual finances survey from about 13,000 to all 85,000 local governments. It uses on-site data collections for all states and some 130 large local governments, consolidated data submissions (usually on computer tapes) for about 50,000 additional local governments, and a mail-out/mail-back survey of other governments. Similarly, phase 3 expands the census-year annual employment survey from about 13,000 to all local governments; and relies on both consolidated data submissions and a mail-out/mail-back survey.


These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.