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32. 1997 Economic Census
NA Not available.
1 Based on the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification code; see text, Section 17, Business.
2 Includes other industries not shown separately.
3 Estimates are obtained from a sample of employer firms only.
4 n.e.c. means not elsewhere classified.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Business Reports, Service Annual Survey: 1998, BS/98.
SERVICE ANNUAL SURVEY
To provide estimates of receipts, revenue, and other measures for most traditional service industries. The United States Code, Title 13, authorizes this survey and provides for mandatory responses.
Companies that primarily provide services to individuals, businesses, and governments (SIC 472, SIC 653, and SIC Division I, except SICs 821, 822, 829, 863, 865, 866, and 88). Industry coverage and detail have been expanded since 1982, and include most personal, business, automotive, amusement and recreation, social, health, and other professional services. In 1991, use of expanded 1987 SIC classifications began. Covered industries accounted for about 20% of the Nation's 1994 Gross Domestic Product.
Collected data include tax and organizational status; operating receipts (revenue for tax-exempt firms and organizations); sources of receipts and expenses by type for selected industries; operating expenses for tax-exempt firms; and selected industry-specific items.
Annually since 1982; reported data are for activity taking place during the calendar year. Prior to 1982, the survey was conducted monthly. Data collection begins in January following the survey year and continues for about 14 weeks. A new sample is introduced about every 5 years, most recently for the 1996 survey.
A mail-out/mail-back survey of about 30,000 selected service businesses with paid employees; supplemented by administrative records data or imputed values to account for nonemployer and certain other businesses. To be eligible for the list sample, service businesses must be in the Standard Statistical Establishment List which contains all Employer Identification Numbers (EINs) for listed businesses and all locations of multi-establishment companies. EINs may represent one or more establishments and firms may have one or more EINs.
In the initial sampling, companies are stratified by major and minor kind of business, and by estimated receipts or revenue. All companies with total receipts above applicable size cutoffs are included in the survey and report for all their service industry locations. In a second stage, EINs of unselected companies are stratified by major kind of business and receipts or revenue. Within each stratum a simple random sample of EINs is selected.
The initial sample is updated annually to reflect "births" and "deaths"; adding new employer businesses identified in the business and professional classification survey and dropping firms and EINs that are no longer active. During interim periods, service nonemployer and other businesses are represented by administrative records data or imputed values.
* Definition of Terms
Receipts. (Basic dollar volume measure for service firms subject to Federal income tax.) Charges or billings to customers or clients for services rendered, from the use of facilities, and from merchandise sold during 1997 whether or not payment was received in that year. Health practitioners and firms providing legal services reported payments received in 1997 regardless of when services were ren-dered. Receipts do not include nonoperating income from interest, investments, gifts, loans, contributions, or grants. Receipts also exclude sales taxes or other taxes (occupancy, admissions, etc.) collected from customers and forwarded directly to a local, State, or Federal tax agency and receipts of establishments whose primary activity is other than service (e.g. manufacturing, wholesale,or retail establishments). They do, however, include receipts other than from services rendered (e.g. sales of merchandise) by establishments primarily engaged in performing services and classified in the service industries.
Revenue. (Basic dollar volume measure for firms exempt from Federal income tax.) Charges or billings to customers or clients for services rendered and merchandise sold during 1997 whether or not payment was received in that year. Also included are income from interest, dividends, contributions, gifts and grants, rents, royalties, dues and assessments from members and affiliates, and net receipts from fundraising activities. Receipts from taxable business activities, as well as tax-exempt activities, are included. Revenue does not include sales taxes or other taxes (occupancy, admissions, etc.) collected by the organization from customers or clients and paid directly to local, State, or Federal income tax agencies; income from the sale of real estate, investments, or other assets; or amounts transferred to operating funds from capital or reserve funds. Firms providing legal services reported payments received in 1997 regardless of when services were rendered. Federal Income Tax Status. For selected kinds of business, firms were tabulated according to their tax status. Firms and organizations in these kinds of business were classified on the basis of their response to the tax status inquiry on the questionnaire. Those that indicated all or part of their income was exempt from Federal income tax under provision of Section 501 or 521 of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) code were classified as tax-exempt. Firms indicating no such exemption were classified as taxable. For firms that did not respond, the tax status classification was based upon administrative records. (Firms and orga-nizations in all other kinds of business were, by definition, considered subject to Federal income tax.) Establishment. A single physical location where business is conducted or services are performed. Firm. A business organization or entity consisting of one or more domestic establishments/locations under common ownership or control. Taxes. Sales, amusement, occupancy, and other taxes collected directly from customers and paid directly to a local, State, or Federal tax agency. Offices and Clinics of Health Practitioners and Nursing and Personal Care Facilities (SICs 801, 802, 803, 804, and 805)
Sources of receipts/revenue
Government reimbursement for patient services. Includes government reimbursement for patient services (Medicare, Medicaid, and other government programs including veter-ans programs).
Private insurance carriers. Includes private insurance and medical service plans (Blue Cross/Blue Shield, group hospital plans, etc).
Patient. Includes payments to nursing and personal care facilities from patients, including any Social Security assigned from those patients.
All other sources. Includes all other government operating subsidies, matching funds, and government contracts. Tax-exempt firms include revenue from interest, dividends, gross contributions and grants, rents, and royalties.
* Selected services included in this report are classified in accordance with the 1987 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Manual, issued by the Office of Management and Budget for purposes of providing a standard for the classification and presentation of data by all Federal agencies. Each establishment, firm, or organization is classified according to the major service (determined by volume of receipts) it provides. Except for hospitals, establishments, firms, and organizations owned and operated by Federal, State, or local governments are excluded. The following is a description of each kind-of-business classifi-cation presented in this report. HEALTH SERVICES (SIC 80)
This major group includes establishments primarily engaged in furnishing medical, surgical, and other health services to persons. Establishments of associations or groups, such as Health Maintenance Organizations (HMOs), primarily engaged in providing medical or other health services to members are included, but those which limit their services to the provision of insurance against hospitalization or medical costs are excluded.
Offices and Clinics of Doctors of Medicine (SIC 8011)
Establishments of licensed practitioners having the degree of M.D. and engaged in the practice of general or special-ized medicine and surgery. Establishments operating as clinics of physicians are included in this industry.
Offices and Clinics of Dentists (SIC 8021)
Establishments of licensed practitioners having the degree of D.M.D. or D.D.S. (or D.D.Sc.) and engaged in the practice of general or specialized dentistry, including dental surgery. Establishments operating as clinics of dentists are included in this industry.
Offices and Clinics of Doctors of Osteopathy (SIC 8031)
Establishments of licensed practitioners having the degree of D.O. and engaged in the practice of general or special-ized osteopathic medicine and surgery. Establishments operating as clinics of osteopathic physicians are included in this industry.
Offices and Clinics of Chiropractors (SIC 8041)
Establishments of licensed practitioners having the degree of D.C. and engaged in the practice of chiropractic medi-cine. Establishments operating as clinics of chiropractors are included in this industry.
Offices and Clinics of Optometrists (SIC 8042)
Establishments of licensed practitioners having the degree of O.D. and engaged in the practice of optometry. Estab-lishments operating as clinics of optometrists are included in this industry.
Offices and Clinics of Podiatrists (SIC 8043)
Establishments of licensed practitioners having the degree of D.P. and engaged in the practice of podiatry. Establish-ments operating as clinics of podiatrists are included in this industry.
Skilled Nursing Care Facilities (SIC 8051)
Establishments primarily engaged in providing inpatient nursing and rehabilitative services to patients who require continuous health care, but not hospital services. Care must be ordered by and under the direction of a physician. The staff must include a licensed nurse on duty continu-ously with a minimum of one full-time registered nurse on duty during each day shift. Included are establishments certified to deliver skilled nursing care under the Medicare and Medicaid programs.
Intermediate Care Facilities (SIC 8052)
Establishments primarily engaged in providing inpatient nursing and rehabilitative services, but not on a continuous basis. Staffing must include 24-hour per day personnel with a licensed nurse on duty full-time during each day shift. At least once a week, consultation from a registered nurse on the delivery of care is required. Included are facilities certified to deliver intermediate care under the Medicare program.
Nursing and Personal Care Facilities, Not Elsewhere Classified (SIC 8059)
Establishments primarily engaged in providing some nursing and/or health related care to patients who do not require the degree of care and treatment that a skilled or intermediate care facility is designed to provide. Patients in these facilities, because of their mental or physical condi-tion, require some nursing care, including the administering of medications in accordance with a physicians orders.
General Medical and Surgical Hospitals (SIC 8062)
Establishments primarily engaged in providing general medical and surgical services and other hospital services. Psychiatric Hospitals (SIC 8063) Establishments primarily engaged in providing diagnos-tic medical services and inpatient treatment for the men-tally ill.
Specialty Hospitals, Except Psychiatric (SIC 8069)
Establishments primarily engaged in providing diagnos-tic services, treatment, and other hospital services for specialized categories of patients, except mental.
Medical Laboratories (SIC 8071)
Establishments primarily engaged in providing profes-sional analytic or diagnostic services to the medical pro-fession, or to the patient on prescription of a physician.
Dental Laboratories (SIC 8072)
Establishments primarily engaged in making dentures, artificial teeth, and orthodontic appliances to order the dental profession.
Home Health Care Services (SIC 8082)
Establishments primarily engaged in providing skilled nursing or medical care in the home, under supervision of a physician.
Kidney Dialysis Centers (SIC 8092)
Establishments primarily engaged in providing kidney or renal dialysis services.
Specialty Outpatient Facilities, Not Elsewhere Classified (SIC 8093)
Establishments primarily engaged in outpatient care of a specialized nature with permanent facilities and with medi-cal staff to provide diagnosis, treatment, or both to patients who are ambulatory and do not require inpatient care. *
These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.
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