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2. Vital Statistics
3. Health and Nutrition
5. Law Enforcement, Courts
6. Geography and Environment
7. Parks, Recreation, Travel
9. State and Local Government
Finances and Employment
10. Federal Government
Finances and Employment
11. National Defense and
12. Social Insurance and Human
13. Labor Force, Employment,
14. Income, Expenditures, and
16. Banking, Finance, and
17. Business Enterprise
18. Communications and
20. Science and Technology
21. Transportation - Land
22. Transportation - Air
24. Natural Resources
25. Construction and Housing
27. Domestic Trade and
28. Foreign Commerce and Aid
29. Outlying Areas
30. Comparative International
31. Industrial Outlook
32. 1997 Economic Census
NA Not available.
1 Standard Industrial Classification; see text, Section 13, Labor Force, Employment, and Earnings.
2 Covers theatrical producers, bands, orchestras, and entertainers (SIC 792); physical fitness facilities (SIC 7991); membership sports and recreation clubs (SIC 7997); and amusement and recreation services, not elsewhere classified (SIC 7999).
3 Includes business associations (SIC 861); professional membership organizations (SIC 862); civic, social, and fraternal organizations (SIC 864); and other membership organizations, except labor unions and political and religious organizations (SIC 869).
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Business Reports, Service Annual Survey: 1998, Series BS/98; and prior issues.
http://www.census.gov/econ/www/servmenu.html * SERVICE ANNUAL SURVEY
To provide estimates of receipts, revenue, and other measures for most traditional service industries. The United States Code, Title 13, authorizes this survey and provides for mandatory responses.
Companies that primarily provide services to individuals, businesses, and governments (SIC 472, SIC 653, and SIC Division I, except SICs 821, 822, 829, 863, 865, 866, and 88). Industry coverage and detail have been expanded since 1982, and include most personal, business, automotive, amusement and recreation, social, health, and other professional services. In 1991, use of expanded 1987 SIC classifications began. Covered industries accounted for about 20% of the Nation's 1994 Gross Domestic Product.
Collected data include tax and organizational status; operating receipts (revenue for tax-exempt firms and organizations); sources of receipts and expenses by type for selected industries; operating expenses for tax-exempt firms; and selected industry-specific items.
Annually since 1982; reported data are for activity taking place during the calendar year. Prior to 1982, the survey was conducted monthly. Data collection begins in January following the survey year and continues for about 14 weeks. A new sample is introduced about every 5 years, most recently for the 1996 survey.
A mail-out/mail-back survey of about 30,000 selected service businesses with paid employees; supplemented by administrative records data or imputed values to account for nonemployer and certain other businesses. To be eligible for the list sample, service businesses must be in the Standard Statistical Establishment List which contains all Employer Identification Numbers (EINs) for listed businesses and all locations of multi-establishment companies. EINs may represent one or more establishments and firms may have one or more EINs.
In the initial sampling, companies are stratified by major and minor kind of business, and by estimated receipts or revenue. All companies with total receipts above applicable size cutoffs are included in the survey and report for all their service industry locations. In a second stage, EINs of unselected companies are stratified by major kind of business and receipts or revenue. Within each stratum a simple random sample of EINs is selected.
The initial sample is updated annually to reflect "births" and "deaths"; adding new employer businesses identified in the business and professional classification survey and dropping firms and EINs that are no longer active. During interim periods, service nonemployer and other businesses are represented by administrative records data or imputed values.
* Revenue.(Basic dollar volume easure for firms exempt from Federal income tax.)Charges or billings to customers or clients for services rendered and merchandise sold dur- ing 1997 whether or not payment was received in that year.Also included are income fro interest,dividends, contributions,gifts and grants,rents,royalties,dues and assessments from members and affiliates,and net receipts from fundraising activities.Receipts from taxable business activities,as well as tax-exempt activities,are included.
Revenue does not include sales taxes or other taxes (occu- pancy,admissions,etc.)collected by the organization from customers or clients and paid directly to local,State, or Federal income tax agencies;income fro the sale of real estate,investments,or other assets;or amounts transferred to operating funds from capital or reserve funds.Firms providing legal services reported payments received in 1997 regardless of when services were ren- dered.
Total expenses.(Basic dollar volume easure of expenses for firms exempt from Federal income tax.) Costs incurred during 1997 whether or not payments were ade in that year.Total expenses include annual payroll;employee benefits,interest,and rent expenses; supplies used for operating;cost of merchandise sold;and other expenses allocated to operations during the year. Also included are contracted or purchased services;fees paid to other organizations for fundraising;depreciation expenses;and expenses of locations providing support services (e.g.,repair services,administrative services,etc.) for service establishments.Total expenses do not include outlays for the purchase of real estate (land and build- ings);for construction;for additions,major alterations, and improvements to existing facilities;all other capital expenditures;funds invested;income taxes;assessments (dues)paid to the parent or other chapters of the same organization.Firms engaged in raising funds exclude funds which are transferred to charities or other organiza- tions.
Federal income tax status.For selected kinds of busi- ness,firms were tabulated according to their tax status. Firms and organizations in these kinds of business were classified on the basis of their response to the tax status inquiry on the questionnaire.Those that indicated all or part of their income was exempt from Federal income tax under provision of Section 501 or 521 of the Internal Rev- enue Service (IRS)code were classified as tax-exempt. Firms indicating no such exemption were classified as tax- able.For firms that did not respond,the tax status classifi- cation was based upon administrative records.(Firms and organizations in all other kinds of business were,by defi- nition,considered subject to Federal income tax.) Firm.A business organization or entity consisting of one or more domestic establishments/locations under com- mon ownership or control. *
These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.
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