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Sierra Leone People 2008

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6,144,562 (July 2007 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 44.8% (male 1,349,878/female 1,400,297)
15-64 years: 52% (male 1,531,763/female 1,664,996)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 92,360/female 105,268) (2007 est.)

Median age:
total: 17.5 years
male: 17.2 years
female: 17.7 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate:
2.292% (2007 est.)

Birth rate:
45.41 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate:
22.64 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate:
0.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: refugees currently in surrounding countries are slowly returning (2007 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 0.964 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.877 male(s)/female
total population: 0.938 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 158.27 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 175.39 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 140.65 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 40.58 years
male: 38.36 years
female: 42.87 years (2007 est.)

See also: Healthy Life Expectancy

See also: Health Performance

Total fertility rate:
6.01 children born/woman (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
7% (2001 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
170,000 (2001 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
11,000 (2001 est.)

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and yellow fever are high risks in some locations
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: Lassa fever (2007)

noun: Sierra Leonean(s)
adjective: Sierra Leonean

Ethnic groups:
20 African ethnic groups 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole (Krio) 10% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century), refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians

Muslim 60%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs 30%

English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the south), Temne (principal vernacular in the north), Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)

definition: age 15 and over can read and write English, Mende, Temne, or Arabic
total population: 35.1%
male: 46.9%
female: 24.4% (2004 est.)

NOTE: The information regarding Sierra Leone on this page is re-published from the 2008 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sierra Leone People 2008 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sierra Leone People 2008 should be addressed to the CIA.

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This page was last modified 24-May-08
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