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    East Timor Index 2007

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    East Timor Economy - 2007

      Economy - overview:
      In late 1999, about 70% of the economic infrastructure of East Timor was laid waste by Indonesian troops and anti-independence militias, and 300,000 people fled westward. Over the next three years, however, a massive international program, manned by 5,000 peacekeepers (8,000 at peak) and 1,300 police officers, led to substantial reconstruction in both urban and rural areas. By the end of 2005, all refugees either returned or resettled in Indonesia. The country faces great challenges in continuing the rebuilding of infrastructure, strengthening the infant civil administration, and generating jobs for young people entering the work force. The development of oil and gas resources in nearby waters has begun to supplement government revenues ahead of schedule and above expectations - the result of high petroleum prices - but the technology-intensive industry does little to create jobs for the unemployed, because there are no production facilities in Timor and the gas is piped to Australia. The parliament in June 2005 unanimously approved the creation of a Petroleum Fund to serve as a repository for all petroleum revenues and preserve the value of East Timor's petroleum wealth for future generations.

      GDP (purchasing power parity):
      $370 million (2004 est.)

      GDP (official exchange rate):
      $349 million (2005)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      1.8% (2005 est.)

      GDP - per capita (PPP):
      $800 (2005 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 8.5%
      industry: 23.1%
      services: 68.4% (2004)

      Labor force:

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture: NA%
      industry: NA%
      services: NA%

      Unemployment rate:
      50% estimated; note - unemployment in urban areas reached 20%; data do not include underemployed (2001 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      42% (2003 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      38 (2002 est.)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      1.4% (2005)

      revenues: $107.7 million
      expenditures: $73 million; including capital expenditures of $NA (2004 est.)

      Agriculture - products:
      coffee, rice, corn, cassava, sweet potatoes, soybeans, cabbage, mangoes, bananas, vanilla

      printing, soap manufacturing, handicrafts, woven cloth

      Industrial production growth rate:

      Electricity - production:
      NA kWh (2004)

      Electricity - consumption:
      NA kWh (2004)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2004)

      Electricity - imports:
      0 kWh (2004)

      $10 million; note - excludes oil (2005 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      coffee, sandalwood, marble; note - potential for oil and vanilla exports

      Exports - partners:
      Indonesia 100% (2005)

      $202 million (2004 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      food, gasoline, kerosene, machinery

      Debt - external:

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $153 million (2004 est.)

      Currency (code):
      US dollar (USD)

      Exchange rates:
      the US dollar is used

      Fiscal year:
      1 July - 30 June

      NOTE: The information regarding East Timor on this page is re-published from the 2007 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of East Timor Economy 2007 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about East Timor Economy 2007 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 12-Mar-07
    Copyright © 2007 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)