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    Nepal Index 2005

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    Nepal Geography - 2005

      Southern Asia, between China and India

      Geographic coordinates:
      28 00 N, 84 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 140,800 sq km
      land: 136,800 sq km
      water: 4,000 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than Arkansas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,926 km
      border countries: China 1,236 km, India 1,690 km

      0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims:
      none (landlocked)

      varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south

      Tarai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Kanchan Kalan 70 m
      highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m

      Natural resources:
      quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore

      Land use:
      arable land: 21.68%
      permanent crops: 0.64%
      other: 77.68% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      11,350 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      severe thunderstorms, flooding, landslides, drought, and famine depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the summer monsoons

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation (overuse of wood for fuel and lack of alternatives); contaminated water (with human and animal wastes, agricultural runoff, and industrial effluents); wildlife conservation; vehicular emissions

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note:
      landlocked; strategic location between China and India; contains eight of world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest - the world's tallest - on the border with China

      NOTE: The information regarding Nepal on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nepal Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nepal Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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