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    Nepal Index 2005

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    Nepal Economy - 2005
    https://allcountries.org/wfb2005/nepal/nepal_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      Nepal is among the poorest and least developed countries in the world with 40% of its population living below the poverty line. Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy, providing a livelihood for over 80% of the population and accounting for 40% of GDP. Industrial activity mainly involves the processing of agricultural produce including jute, sugarcane, tobacco, and grain. Security concerns in the wake of the Maoist conflict have led to a decrease in tourism, a key source of foreign exchange. Nepal has considerable scope for exploiting its potential in hydropower and tourism, areas of recent foreign investment interest. Prospects for foreign trade or investment in other sectors will remain poor, however, because of the small size of the economy, its technological backwardness, its remoteness, its landlocked geographic location, its civil strife, and its susceptibility to natural disaster.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $39.53 billion (2004 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      3% (2004 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $1,500 (2004 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 40%
      industry: 20%
      services: 40% (2002 est.)

      Labor force:
      10 million
      note: severe lack of skilled labor (1996 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture 81%, industry 3%, services 16%

      Unemployment rate:
      47% (2001 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      42% (1995-96)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 3.2%
      highest 10%: 29.8% (1995-96)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      36.7 (FY95/96)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      2.9% (2002 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $665 million
      expenditures: $1.1 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (FY99/00 est.)

      Agriculture - products:
      rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, root crops; milk, water buffalo meat

      Industries:
      tourism, carpet, textile; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarette; cement and brick production

      Industrial production growth rate:
      8.7% (FY99/00)

      Electricity - production:
      2.054 billion kWh (2002)

      Electricity - consumption:
      2.005 billion kWh (2002)

      Electricity - exports:
      142 million kWh (2002)

      Electricity - imports:
      237 million kWh (2002)

      Oil - production:
      0 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      16,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Exports:
      $568 million f.o.b., but does not include unrecorded border trade with India (2002 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      carpets, clothing, leather goods, jute goods, grain

      Exports - partners:
      India 48.8%, US 22.3%, Germany 8.5% (2004)

      Imports:
      $1.419 billion f.o.b. (2002 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      gold, machinery and equipment, petroleum products, fertilizer

      Imports - partners:
      India 43%, UAE 10%, China 10%, Saudi Arabia 4.4%, Singapore 4% (2004)

      Debt - external:
      $2.7 billion (2001)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $424 million (FY00/01)

      Currency (code):
      Nepalese rupee (NPR)

      Exchange rates:
      Nepalese rupees per US dollar - 73.674 (2004), 76.141 (2003), 77.877 (2002), 74.949 (2001), 71.094 (2000)

      Fiscal year:
      16 July - 15 July


      NOTE: The information regarding Nepal on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nepal Economy 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nepal Economy 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.







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    https://allcountries.org/wfb2005/nepal/nepal_economy.html

    Revised 16-Feb-06
    Copyright © 2005 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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