2005 INDEXCountry Ranks
Mongolia Index 2005
Mongolia Main Index
Mongolia Introduction - 2005
SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK
The Mongols gained fame in the 13th century when under Chinggis KHAN they conquered a huge Eurasian empire. After his death the empire was divided into several powerful Mongol states, but these broke apart in the 14th century. The Mongols eventually retired to their original steppe homelands and later came under Chinese rule. Mongolia won its independence in 1921 with Soviet backing. A Communist regime was installed in 1924. During the early 1990s, the ex-Communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) gradually yielded its monopoly on power to the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC), which defeated the MPRP in a national election in 1996. Since then, parliamentary elections returned the MPRP overwhelmingly to power in 2000 and produced a coalition government in 2004.
NOTE: The information regarding Mongolia on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mongolia Introduction 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mongolia Introduction 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.