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    Mongolia Index 2005

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    Mongolia Government - 2005
    https://allcountries.org/wfb2005/mongolia/mongolia_government.html
    SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: none
      conventional short form: Mongolia
      local long form: none
      local short form: Mongol Uls
      former: Outer Mongolia

      Government type:
      mixed parliamentary/presidential

      Capital:
      Ulaanbaatar

      Administrative divisions:
      21 provinces (aymguud, singular - aymag) and 1 municipality* (singular - hot); Arhangay, Bayanhongor, Bayan-Olgiy, Bulgan, Darhan Uul, Dornod, Dornogovi, Dundgovi, Dzavhan, Govi-Altay, Govi-Sumber, Hentiy, Hovd, Hovsgol, Omnogovi, Orhon, Ovorhangay, Selenge, Suhbaatar, Tov, Ulaanbaatar*, Uvs

      Independence:
      11 July 1921 (from China)

      National holiday:
      Independence Day/Revolution Day, 11 July (1921)

      Constitution:
      12 February 1992

      Legal system:
      blend of Soviet, German, and US systems that combine "continental" or "civil" code and case-precedent; constitution ambiguous on judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Nambaryn ENKHBAYAR (since 24 June 2005)
      head of government: Prime Minister Tsakhi ELBEGDORJ (since 20 August 2004); Deputy Prime Minister Chultem ULAAN (since 28 September 2004)
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the State Great Hural (parliament) in consultation with the president
      elections: presidential candidates nominated by political parties represented in State Great Hural and elected by popular vote for a four-year term; presidential tenure limited to two four-year terms; election last held 22 May 2005 (next to be held in May 2009); following legislative elections, leader of majority party or majority coalition is usually elected prime minister by State Great Hural
      election results: Nambaryn ENKHBAYAR elected president; percent of vote - Nambaryn ENKHBAYAR (MPRP) 53.44%, Mendsaikhanin ENKHSAIKHAN (DP) 20.05%, Bazarsadyn JARGALSAIKHAN (MRP) 13.92%, Badarchyn ERDENEBAT (M-MNSDP) 12.59%; Tsakhi ELBEGDORJ elected prime minister by the State Great Hural 74 to 0

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral State Great Hural 76 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms
      elections: last held 27 June 2004 (next to be held in June 2008)
      election results: percent of vote by party - MPRP 48.78%, MDC 44.8%, independents 3.5%, Republican Party 1.5%, others 1.42%; seats by party - MPRP 36, MDC 34, others 4; note - following June 2004 election, two seats in dispute and unoccupied

      Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court (serves as appeals court for people's and provincial courts but rarely overturns verdicts of lower courts; judges are nominated by the General Council of Courts and approved by the president)

      Political parties and leaders:
      Citizens' Will Republican Party or CWRP (also called Civil Courage Republican Party or CCRP) [Sanjaasurengiin OYUN]; Democratic Party or DP [R. GONCHIKDORJ]; Motherland-Mongolian New Socialist Democratic Party or M-MNSDP [Badarchyn ERDENEBAT]; Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party or MPRP [Nambaryn ENKHBAYAR]; Mongolian Republican Party or MRP [Bazarsadyn JARGALSAIKHAN]
      note: DP and M-MNSDP formed Motherland-Democracy Coalition (MDC) in 2003 and with CWRP contested June 2004 elections as single party; MDC's leadership dissolved coalition in December 2004

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      NA

      International organization participation:
      ARF, AsDB, CP, EBRD, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, MIGA, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM, OPCW, OSCE (partner), SCO (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Ravdangiyn BOLD
      chancery: 2833 M Street NW, Washington, DC 20007
      telephone: [1] (202) 333-7117
      FAX: [1] (202) 298-9227
      consulate(s) general: New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Pamela J. SLUTZ
      embassy: Micro Region 11, Big Ring Road, C.P.O. 1021, Ulaanbaatar 13
      mailing address: PSC 461, Box 300, FPO AP 96521-0002
      telephone: [976] (11) 329095
      FAX: [976] (11) 320776

      Flag description:
      three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), blue, and red; centered on the hoist-side red band in yellow is the national emblem ("soyombo" - a columnar arrangement of abstract and geometric representation for fire, sun, moon, earth, water, and the yin-yang symbol)


      NOTE: The information regarding Mongolia on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Mongolia Government 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Mongolia Government 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.









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    https://allcountries.org/wfb2005/mongolia/mongolia_government.html

    Revised 16-Feb-06
    Copyright © 2005 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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