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    Malta Index 2005

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    Malta Geography - 2005

      Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)

      Geographic coordinates:
      35 50 N, 14 35 E

      Map references:

      total: 316 sq km
      land: 316 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      196.8 km (does not include 56.01 km for the island of Gozo)

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm

      Mediterranean with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers

      mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Ta'Dmejrek 253 m (near Dingli)

      Natural resources:
      limestone, salt, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 28.13%
      permanent crops: 3.13%
      other: 68.74% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      20 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:

      Environment - current issues:
      very limited natural fresh water resources; increasing reliance on desalination

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      the country comprises an archipelago, with only the three largest islands (Malta, Ghawdex or Gozo, and Kemmuna or Comino) being inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration

      NOTE: The information regarding Malta on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Malta Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Malta Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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