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    Macau Government - 2005

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Macau Special Administrative Region
      conventional short form: Macau
      local long form: Aomen Tebie Xingzhengqu (Chinese); Regiao Administrativa Especial de Macau (Portuguese)
      local short form: Aomen (Chinese); Macau (Portuguese)

      Dependency status:
      special administrative region of China

      Government type:
      limited democracy

      Administrative divisions:
      none (special administrative region of China)

      none (special administrative region of China)

      National holiday:
      National Day (Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China), 1 October (1949); note - 20 December 1999 is celebrated as Macau Special Administrative Region Establishment Day

      Basic Law, approved in March 1993 by China's National People's Congress, is Macau's "mini-constitution"

      Legal system:
      based on Portuguese civil law system

      direct election 18 years of age, universal for permanent residents living in Macau for the past seven years; indirect election limited to organizations registered as "corporate voters" (257 are currently registered) and a 300-member Election Committee drawn from broad regional groupings, municipal organizations, and central government bodies

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President of China HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003)
      head of government: Chief Executive Edmund HO Hau-wah (since 20 December 1999)
      cabinet: Executive Council consists of one government secretary, four legislators, four businessmen, and one pro-Beijing unionist
      elections: chief executive chosen by a 300-member Election Committee for up to two five-year terms
      election results: Edmund HO Hau-wah reelected on 29 August 2004; received 296 votes in Election Committee out of 300 possible; 3 members submitted blank ballots; 1 member was absent

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral Legislative Council or LEGCO (27 seats; 10 elected by popular vote, 10 by indirect vote, and seven appointed by the chief executive; members serve four-year terms); number of legislators will increase to 29 in September 2005
      elections: last held 23 September 2001 (next in September 2005)
      election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats by political bloc - Entertainment Industry 3, pro-democracy 2, pro-Beijing Labor Union 2, pro-Beijing Neighborhood Association 2, pro-business 1

      Judicial branch:
      Court of Final Appeal in Macau Special Administrative Region

      Political parties and leaders:
      some civic associations operate as de facto political parties: Electoral Union; Pro-Macao and Flower of Friendship and Development of Macao; Associacao para a Defesa dos Interesses de Macao; Centro Democratico de Macao; Grupo Independente de Macao; Macau Economic Promotion Association; Progress Promotion Union; Development Union

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      Catholic Church [LAI Hung-sing, bishop]; Macau Society of Tourism and Entertainment or STDM [Stanley HO, managing director]; Union for Democracy Development [Antonio NG Kuok-cheong, leader]

      International organization participation:
      IMF, IMO (associate), Interpol (sub-bureau), ISO (correspondent), UNESCO (associate), UPU, WCO, WMO, WToO (associate), WTO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      none (special administrative region of China)

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      the US has no offices in Macau; US interests are monitored by the US Consulate General in Hong Kong

      Flag description:
      light green with a lotus flower above a stylized bridge and water in white, beneath an arc of five gold, five-pointed stars: one large in center of arc and four smaller

      NOTE: The information regarding Macau on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Macau Government 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Macau Government 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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