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    Macau Index 2005

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    Macau Economy - 2005

      Economy - overview:
      Macau's well-to-do economy has remained one of the most open in the world since its reversion to China in 1999. Apparel exports and tourism are mainstays of the economy. Although the territory was hit hard by the 1998 Asian financial crisis and the global downturn in 2001, its economy grew 9.5% in 2002 and 15.6% in 2003. During the first three quarters of 2004, Macau registered year-on-year GDP increases of more than 20 percent. A rapid rise in the number of mainland visitors because of China's easing of restrictions on travel, increased public works expenditures, and significant investment inflows associated with the liberalization of Macau's gaming industry drove the recovery. The budget also returned to surplus in 2002 because of the surge in visitors from China and a hike in taxes on gambling profits, which generated about 70% of government revenue. The three companies awarded gambling licenses have pledged to invest $2.2 billion in the territory, which will boost GDP growth. Much of Macau's textile industry may move to the mainland as the Multi-Fiber Agreement is phased out. The territory may have to rely more on gambling and trade-related services to generate growth. Two new casinos were opened by new foreign gambling licensees in 2004; development of new infrastructure and facilities in preparation for Macau's hosting of the 2005 East Asian Games will bolster the construction sector. The Closer Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) between Macau and mainland China that came into effect on 1 January 2004 offers many Macau-made products tariff-free access to the mainland, and the range of products covered by CEPA was to be expanded on 1 January 2005.

      purchasing power parity - $9.1 billion (2003)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      15.6% (2003)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $19,400 (2003)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 0.1%
      industry: 7.2%
      services: 92.7% (2002 est.)

      Labor force:
      231,500 (3rd Quarter, 2004)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      manufacturing 18.3%, construction 8%, transport and communications 7%, wholesale and retail trade 16.2%, restaurants and hotels 10.9%, gambling 11.6%, public sector 8.8%, other services and agriculture 19.2% (2003 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      4.7% (3rd Quarter, 2004)

      Population below poverty line:

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: NA
      highest 10%: NA

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      2% (3rd quarter, 2004)

      revenues: $1.84 billion
      expenditures: $1.57 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2003)

      Agriculture - products:
      only 2% of land area is cultivated, mainly by vegetable growers; fishing, mostly for crustaceans, is important, some of catch is exported to Hong Kong; most food requirements are met by imports, primarily from China

      tourism, gambling, clothing, textiles, electronics, footwear, toys

      Industrial production growth rate:

      Electricity - production:
      1.719 billion kWh (2003)

      Electricity - consumption:
      1.772 billion kWh (2003)

      Electricity - exports:
      1 million kWh (2003)

      Electricity - imports:
      179.7 million kWh (2003)

      Oil - production:
      0 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      11,190 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:

      Oil - imports:

      $2.58 billion f.o.b., including reexports (2003)

      Exports - commodities:
      clothing, textiles, footwear, toys, electronics, machinery and parts

      Exports - partners:
      US 48.7%, China 13.9%, Germany 8.3%, Hong Kong 7.6%, UK 4.4% (2004)

      $2.76 billion c.i.f. (2003)

      Imports - commodities:
      raw materials and semi-manufactured goods, consumer goods (foodstuffs, beverages, tobacco), capital goods, mineral fuels and oils

      Imports - partners:
      China 44.4%, Hong Kong 10.6%, Japan 9.6%, Taiwan 4.9%, Singapore 4.1%, US 4.1% (2004)

      Debt - external:
      $2.7 billion (2003)

      Economic aid - recipient:

      Currency (code):
      pataca (MOP)

      Exchange rates:
      patacas per US dollar - 8.022 (2004), 8.021 (2003), 8.033 (2002), 8.034 (2001), 8.026 (2000)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year

      NOTE: The information regarding Macau on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Macau Economy 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Macau Economy 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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