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    Japan Index 2005

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    Japan Geography - 2005

      Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula

      Geographic coordinates:
      36 00 N, 138 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 377,835 sq km
      land: 374,744 sq km
      water: 3,091 sq km
      note: includes Bonin Islands (Ogasawara-gunto), Daito-shoto, Minami-jima, Okino-tori-shima, Ryukyu Islands (Nansei-shoto), and Volcano Islands (Kazan-retto)

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than California

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      29,751 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm; between 3 nm and 12 nm in the international straits - La Perouse or Soya, Tsugaru, Osumi, and Eastern and Western Channels of the Korea or Tsushima Strait
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

      varies from tropical in south to cool temperate in north

      mostly rugged and mountainous

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Hachiro-gata -4 m
      highest point: Mount Fuji 3,776 m

      Natural resources:
      negligible mineral resources, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 12.19%
      permanent crops: 0.96%
      other: 86.85% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      26,790 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      many dormant and some active volcanoes; about 1,500 seismic occurrences (mostly tremors) every year; tsunamis; typhoons

      Environment - current issues:
      air pollution from power plant emissions results in acid rain; acidification of lakes and reservoirs degrading water quality and threatening aquatic life; Japan is one of the largest consumers of fish and tropical timber, contributing to the depletion of these resources in Asia and elsewhere

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

      Geography - note:
      strategic location in northeast Asia

      NOTE: The information regarding Japan on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Japan Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Japan Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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