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    Estonia Index 2005

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    Estonia Economy - 2005
    https://allcountries.org/wfb2005/estonia/estonia_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      Estonia, as a new member of the World Trade Organization and the European Union, has transitioned effectively to a modern market economy with strong ties to the West, including the pegging of its currency to the euro. The economy benefits from strong electronics and telecommunications sectors and is greatly influenced by developments in Finland, Sweden, and Germany, three major trading partners. The current account deficit remains high; however, the state budget enjoyed a surplus of $130 million in 2003.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $19.23 billion (2004 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      6% (2004 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $14,300 (2004 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 4.1%
      industry: 28.9%
      services: 67% (2004 est.)

      Labor force:
      660,000 (2004 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture 11%, industry 20%, services 69% (1999 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      9.6% (2004 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      NA (2000)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 3%
      highest 10%: 29.8% (1998)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      37 (1999)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      3% (2004 est.)

      Investment (gross fixed):
      28.2% of GDP (2004 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $4.622 billion
      expenditures: $4.601 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2004 est.)

      Public debt:
      5.4% of GDP (2004 est.)

      Agriculture - products:
      potatoes, vegetables; livestock and dairy products; fish

      Industries:
      engineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textile; information technology, telecommunications

      Industrial production growth rate:
      5% (2000 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      8.301 billion kWh (2002)

      Electricity - consumption:
      6.358 billion kWh (2002)

      Electricity - exports:
      1.562 billion kWh (2002)

      Electricity - imports:
      200 million kWh (2002)

      Oil - production:
      5,100 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      24,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Natural gas - production:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      1.27 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - exports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - imports:
      1.27 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Current account balance:
      $-1.169 billion (2004 est.)

      Exports:
      $5.701 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      machinery and equipment 33%, wood and paper 15%, textiles 14%, food products 8%, furniture 7%, metals, chemical products (2001)

      Exports - partners:
      Finland 16.6%, Sweden 11.1%, UK 8.6%, Latvia 7.4%, Germany 7.2%, Russia 6.9%, US 5.5%, Lithuania 4% (2004)

      Imports:
      $7.318 billion f.o.b. (2004 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      machinery and equipment 33.5%, chemical products 11.6%, textiles 10.3%, foodstuffs 9.4%, transportation equipment 8.9% (2001)

      Imports - partners:
      Finland 19.9%, Russia 13.2%, Germany 11.6%, Sweden 7.9% (2004)

      Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
      $1.503 billion (2004 est.)

      Debt - external:
      $8.373 billion (2004 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $108 million (2000)

      Currency (code):
      Estonian kroon (EEK)

      Exchange rates:
      krooni per US dollar - 12.596 (2004), 13.856 (2003), 16.612 (2002), 17.478 (2001), 16.969 (2000)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Estonia on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Estonia Economy 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Estonia Economy 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.







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    https://allcountries.org/wfb2005/estonia/estonia_economy.html

    Revised 16-Feb-06
    Copyright © 2005 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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