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    Cape Verde Index 2005

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    Cape Verde Geography - 2005

      Western Africa, group of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Senegal

      Geographic coordinates:
      16 00 N, 24 00 W

      Map references:
      Political Map of the World

      total: 4,033 sq km
      land: 4,033 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than Rhode Island

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      965 km

      Maritime claims:
      measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

      temperate; warm, dry summer; precipitation meager and very erratic

      steep, rugged, rocky, volcanic

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mt. Fogo 2,829 m (a volcano on Fogo Island)

      Natural resources:
      salt, basalt rock, limestone, kaolin, fish, clay, gypsum

      Land use:
      arable land: 9.68%
      permanent crops: 0.5%
      other: 89.82% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      30 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      prolonged droughts; seasonal harmattan wind produces obscuring dust; volcanically and seismically active

      Environment - current issues:
      soil erosion; deforestation due to demand for wood used as fuel; desertification; environmental damage has threatened several species of birds and reptiles; illegal beach sand extraction; overfishing

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      strategic location 500 km from west coast of Africa near major north-south sea routes; important communications station; important sea and air refueling site

      NOTE: The information regarding Cape Verde on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cape Verde Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cape Verde Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
    Copyright © 2005 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)