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    American Samoa Index 2005

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    American Samoa Economy - 2005

      Economy - overview:
      This is a traditional Polynesian economy in which more than 90% of the land is communally owned. Economic activity is strongly linked to the US, with which American Samoa conducts most of its foreign trade. Tuna fishing and tuna processing plants are the backbone of the private sector, with canned tuna the primary export. Transfers from the US Government add substantially to American Samoa's economic well-being. Attempts by the government to develop a larger and broader economy are restrained by Samoa's remote location, its limited transportation, and its devastating hurricanes. Tourism is a promising developing sector.

      purchasing power parity - $500 million (2000 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $8,000 (2000 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: NA%
      industry: NA%
      services: NA%

      Labor force:
      14,000 (1996)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      tuna canneries 34%, government 33%, other 33% (1990)

      Unemployment rate:
      6% (2000)

      Population below poverty line:

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):

      revenues: $121 million (37% in local revenue and 63% in US grants)
      expenditures: $127 million, including capital expenditures of NA (FY96/97)

      Agriculture - products:
      bananas, coconuts, vegetables, taro, breadfruit, yams, copra, pineapples, papayas; dairy products, livestock

      tuna canneries (largely supplied by foreign fishing vessels), handicrafts

      Industrial production growth rate:

      Electricity - production:
      130 million kWh (2002)

      Electricity - consumption:
      120.9 million kWh (2002)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2002)

      Electricity - imports:
      0 kWh (2002)

      Oil - production:
      0 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      3,800 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:

      Oil - imports:

      $30 million (2002)

      Exports - commodities:
      canned tuna 93%

      Exports - partners:
      Samoa 41.6%, Australia 21.8%, Japan 16.6%, New Zealand 7.7%, Canada 4.2% (2004)

      $123 million (2002)

      Imports - commodities:
      materials for canneries 56%, food 8%, petroleum products 7%, machinery and parts 6%

      Imports - partners:
      Japan 32.3%, New Zealand 30.4%, Germany 14.6%, Australia 9.2% (2004)

      Debt - external:

      Economic aid - recipient:
      important financial support from the US, more than $40 million in 1994

      Currency (code):
      US dollar (USD)

      Exchange rates:
      the US dollar is used

      Fiscal year:
      1 October - 30 September

      NOTE: The information regarding American Samoa on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of American Samoa Economy 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about American Samoa Economy 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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