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32. 1997 Economic Census




    U.S. CENSUS GLOSSARY

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Nationality
The status of belonging to a particular nation by birth, origin or naturalization.

Related terms:
Ancestry, Place of birth

Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander race and ethnic categories
Self-identification among people of Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander descent. These are the 12 detailed Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander race and ethnic categories used in displaying data from Census 2000:
Polynesian:
      Native Hawaiian
      Samoan
      Tongan
      Other Polynesian
Micronesian:
      Guanamanian or Chamorro
     Other Micronesian
Melanesian:
      Fijian
      Other Melanesian
Other Pacific Islander

In 1997, the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) revised the standards for how the Federal government would collect and present data on race and ethnicity. The new guidelines reflect "the increasing diversity of our Nation's population, stemming from growth in interracial marriages and immigration."

These new guidelines revised some of the racial categories used in 1990 and preceding censuses and allowed respondents to report as many race categories as were necessary to identify themselves on the Census 2000 questionnaire.

Related terms:
Census (decennial), Race

Native population
The native population includes people born in the United States, Puerto Rico, or U.S. Island Areas; as well as those born in a foreign country who had at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen.

Related term:
Foreign born

New England County Metropolitan Area (NECMA)
A county-based alternative to the city-and-town-based metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) and consolidated metropolitan statistical areas (CMSAs) of New England. (Outside of New England, all MSAs and CMSAs are county-based.)

Nonemployer Statistics (NES)
U.S. and sub-national economic data by industry for nonemployer businesses. A nonemployer business is one that has no paid employees, has annual business receipts of $1,000 or more ($1 or more in the construction industries), and is subject to federal income taxes.  Nonemployer Statistics have been released every 5 years since 1972, for years ending in "2" and "7" for selected industries in conjunction with the Economic Census. The 2002 Nonemployer Statistics is part of the 2002 Economic Census Core Business Statistics Series. Nonemployer Statistics was first released as an annual series beginning with the 1998 report.

Noninstitutionalized population
Includes all people who live in group quarters other than institutions.

Examples: college dormitories, rooming houses, religious group homes, communes, and halfway houses.

Related terms:
Group quarters (GQ), Group quarters population, Institutionalized population

Nonmetropolitan
The area and population not located in any Metropolitan area (MA).

Related term:
Metropolitan area (MA)

Nonrelatives
Any household member, including foster children, living in the housing unit but not related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption.

Related terms:
Family, Foster children, Household

Nonsampling error
Errors that occur during the measuring or data collection process. Nonsampling errors can yield biased results when most of the errors distort the results in the same direction. Unfortunately, the full extent of nonsampling error is unknown. Decennial censuses traditionally have experienced nonsampling errors, most notable undercount, resulting from people being missed in the enumeration processes.

North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
NAICS classifies industries using 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-, and 6- digit levels of detail. Two-digit codes represent sectors, the broadest classifications. Six-digit codes represent individual industries in the U.S. The North American Industry Classification System was developed by representatives from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, and replaces each country's separate classification system with one uniform system for classifying industries. In the United States, NAICS replaces the Standard Industrial Classification, a system that federal, state, and local governments, the business community, and the general public have used since the 1930s.

Related term:
Economic census

Not in labor force
Not in labor force includes all people 16 years old and over who are not classified as members of the labor force. This category consists mainly of students, housewives, retired workers, seasonal workers interviewed in an off season who were not looking for work, institutionalized people, and people doing only incidental unpaid family work (less than 15 hours during the reference week).

Related term:
Labor force

Number of employees
Equivalent to the number of paid employees for census purposes. Paid employees consists of full-time and part-time employees, including salaried officers and executives of corporations. Included are employees on paid sick leave, paid holidays, and paid vacations; not included are proprietors and partners of unincorporated businesses. The definition of paid employees is the same as that used on IRS Form 941.

Related term:
Economic census

Number of establishments
An establishment is a single physical location at which business is conducted and/or services are provided. It is not necessarily identical with a company or enterprise, which may consist of one establishment or more. Economic census figures represent a summary of reports for individual establishments rather than companies. For cases where a census report was received, separate information was obtained for each location where business was conducted. When administrative records of other federal agencies were used instead of a census report, no information was available on the number of locations operated. Each economic census establishment was tabulated according to the physical location at which the business was conducted. For the 1997 Economic Census data displayed in American FactFinder, the count of establishments represents those in business at any time during 1997.

When two activities or more were carried on at a single location under a single ownership, all activities generally were grouped together as a single establishment. The entire establishment was classified on the basis of its major activity and all data for it were included in that classification. However, when distinct and separate economic activities (for which different industry classification codes were appropriate) were conducted at a single location under a single ownership, separate establishment reports for each of the different activities were obtained in the census.

Related terms:
Economic census, Establishment

Number of workers in family in (designated calendar year)
The term "worker" as used for these data is defined based on the criteria for
Worked in (designated calendar year).

Number of workers in family in the past 12 months
The term "worker" as used for these data is defined based on the criteria for
Worked in the Past 12 Months.









http://www.allcountries.org/uscensus/ glossary_n.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce, and they are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.