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    U.S. CENSUS GLOSSARY

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Fact Sheet
A pre-defined presentation of the most frequently requested data in American FactFinder from the decennial census and most recent American Community Survey data relative to a particular geographic area. The decennial data are extracted from the four demographic profiles.

Family
A group of two or more people who reside together and who are related by birth, marriage, or adoption.

Family household (Family)
A family includes a householder and one or more people living in the same household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption. All people in a household who are related to the householder are regarded as members of his or her family. A family household may contain people not related to the householder, but those people are not included as part of the householder's family in census tabulations. Thus, the number of family households is equal to the number of families, but family households may include more members than do families. A household can contain only one family for purposes of census tabulations. Not all households contain families since a household may comprise a group of unrelated people or one person living alone.

Related terms:
Household, Householder

Family size
Refers to the number of people in a family.

Family type
Refers to how the members of a family are related to one another and the householder. Families may be a "Married Couple Family," "Single Parent Family," "Stepfamily," or "Subfamily."

Farm residence
Dwelling or household located in a rural farm area and concerned with growing crops or raising livestock.

Feature
Any part of the landscape, whether natural (such as a stream or ridge), man-made (such as a road or power line), that can be shown on a map.

Related term:
Reference map

Federal home heating and cooling assistance program
The data on this topic are designed to measure the number of households receiving benefits from the federal home heating and cooling assistance program. The Low-income Home Energy Assistance Act (Title XXVI of P.L. 97- 35 as amended) provides 100 percent federal funding for the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program through annual block grants to states, the District of Columbia, more than 100 eligible Indian tribes, 2 commonwealths, and 4 territories. In addition, these funds may be supplemented with money from court-ordered oil-price overcharge settlements (distributed by the Department of Energy), state and local appropriations, and agreements with energy providers. The Department of Health and Human Services distributes annual federal appropriations to states, eligible Indian tribes, and the Island Areas (grantees) using an allocation formula established in law.

Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS)
Standardized system of numeric and/or alphabetic coding issued by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), an agency of the US Department of Commerce. FIPS codes are assigned for a variety of geographic entities including American Indian and Alaska Native Areas, Hawaiian home lands, congressional districts, counties, county subdivisions, metropolitan areas, places and states. The purpose in using FIPS codes is to improve the use of data and avoid unnecessary duplication and incompatibility in the collection, processing and dissemination of data.

Female householder, no husband present
A female maintaining a household with no husband of the householder present.

Fertility
See Children ever born - fertility

File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
A process that allows a user to download large files and datasets from American FactFinder.

FIPS class code
A two-character code to differentiate between various classes of populated places, other geopolitical and census units, and institutional facilities. The class code structure distinguishes between active, inactive and nonfunctioning local governments, and also identifies close relationships between entities. For example, an incorporated place may serve as the statistical equivalent of a county. See code list.

Food stamp receipt
The data on participation in the Food Stamp Program are designed to identify households in which one or more of the current members received food stamps during the past 12 months. Once a food stamp household was identified, a question was asked about the total value of all food stamps received by the household during that 12 month period. The Food Stamp Act of 1977 defines this federally funded program as one intended to "permit low-income households to obtain a more nutritious diet." (From title XIII of P.L. 95-113, The Food Stamp Act of 1977, declaration of policy.) Providing eligible households with coupons that can be used to purchase food increases food purchasing power. The Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) administers the Food Stamp program through state and local welfare offices. The Food Stamp program is the major national income support program to which all low-income and low-resource households, regardless of household characteristics, are eligible.

Foreign born
Foreign-born population
People who are not U.S. citizens at birth.

Native population
People born in either the United States, Puerto Rico, or a U.S. Island Area such as Guam or the U.S. Virgin Islands, or people born in a foreign country to a U.S. citizen parent(s).

Related terms:
Citizenship status, Immigrants, Native population, Place of birth

Foster children
Children receiving parental care and guidance although not related through blood or legal ties; placed in care by a government agency.

When a foster child is also a relative, such as a nephew or niece, the child is counted as a related individual rather than a foster child.

Related term:
Nonrelatives

Free or reduced-price meals programs
The data on this topic are designed to measure the number of households where at least one member of the household received free or reduced-price lunches. The National School Lunch Program is designed "to help safeguard the health and well-being of the Nation's children by assisting the states in providing an adequate supply of foods" (P.L. 79-396, the National School Lunch Act of 1946) for all children at moderate cost. Additional assistance is provided for children determined by local school officials to be unable to pay the "full established" price for lunches. Like the Food Stamp program, the National School Lunch Program is administered by the Food and Nutrition Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture through state educational agencies or through regional USDA nutrition services for some nonprofit private schools.

Full-time, year-round workers (in designated calendar year)
All people 16 years old and over who usually worked 35 hours or more per week for 50 to 52 weeks in the designated calendar year.

Related terms:
Employed, Worker

Full-time, year-round workers (in the past 12 months)
All people 16 years old and over who usually worked 35 hours or more per week for 50 to 52 weeks in the past 12 months.

Related terms:
Employed, Worker







http://www.allcountries.org/uscensus/ glossary_f.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce, and they are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.