South Sudan People 2018


South Sudan People 2018

Page last updated on February 28, 2018

13,026,129 (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 73
[see also: Population country ranks ]

noun: South Sudanese (singular and plural)
adjective: South Sudanese

Ethnic groups:
Dinka 35.8%, Nuer 15.6%, Shilluk, Azande, Bari, Kakwa, Kuku, Murle, Mandari, Didinga, Ndogo, Bviri, Lndi, Anuak, Bongo, Lango, Dungotona, Acholi, Baka, Fertit (2011 est.)

English (official), Arabic (includes Juba and Sudanese variants), regional languages include Dinka, Nuer, Bari, Zande, Shilluk

animist, Christian

Demographic profile:
South Sudan, independent from Sudan since July 2011 after decades of civil war, is one of the world’s poorest countries and ranks among the lowest in many socioeconomic categories. Problems are exacerbated by ongoing tensions with Sudan over oil revenues and land borders, fighting between government forces and rebel groups, and inter-communal violence. Most of the population lives off of farming, while smaller numbers rely on animal husbandry; more than 80% of the populace lives in rural areas. The maternal mortality rate is among the world’s highest for a variety of reasons, including a shortage of health care workers, facilities, and supplies; poor roads and a lack of transport; and cultural beliefs that prevent women from seeking obstetric care. Most women marry and start having children early, giving birth at home with the assistance of traditional birth attendants, who are unable to handle complications. Educational attainment is extremely poor due to the lack of schools, qualified teachers, and materials. Less than a third of the population is literate (the rate is even lower among women), and half live below the poverty line. Teachers and students are also struggling with the switch from Arabic to English as the language of instruction. Many adults missed out on schooling because of warfare and displacement. Almost 2 million South Sudanese have sought refuge in neighboring countries since the current conflict began in December 2013. Another 1.96 million South Sudanese are internally displaced as of August 2017. Despite South Sudan’s instability and lack of infrastructure and social services, more than 240,000 people have fled to South Sudan to escape fighting in Sudan.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 44.37% (male 2,947,277/female 2,831,822)
[see also: Age structure - 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-24 years: 20.56% (male 1,402,746/female 1,275,276)
[see also: Age structure - 15-24 years country ranks ]
25-54 years: 29.58% (male 1,869,480/female 1,983,504)
[see also: Age structure - 25-54 years country ranks ]
55-64 years: 3.39% (male 235,546/female 206,304)
[see also: Age structure - 55-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 2.1% (male 151,166/female 123,008) (2017 est.)

population pyramid:
A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.

For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.

Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 83.7
[see also: Dependency ratios - total dependency ratio country ranks ]
youth dependency ratio: 77.3
[see also: Dependency ratios - youth dependency ratio country ranks ]
elderly dependency ratio: 6.4
[see also: Dependency ratios - elderly dependency ratio country ranks ]
potential support ratio: 15.7 (2015 est.)
[see also: Dependency ratios - potential support ratio country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 17.3 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 17.2 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 17.5 years (2017 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 220

Population growth rate:
3.83% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 1
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
35.5 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 18
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
7.7 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 104
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
10.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 8
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Population distribution:
clusters found in urban areas, particularly in the western interior and around the White Nile

urban population: 19.3% of total population (2017)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 3.91% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major urban areas - population:
JUBA (capital) 321,000 (2015)

Maternal mortality ratio:
789 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 5
[see also: Maternal mortality ratio country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 62.8 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - total country ranks ]
male: 67.3 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 58.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 15

Total fertility rate:
5.07 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Contraceptive prevalence rate:
4% (2010)
[see also: Contraceptive prevalence rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
2.7% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 185
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved: urban: 66.7% of population rural: 56.9% of population total: 58.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 33.3% of population rural: 43.1% of population total: 41.3% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access:
improved: urban: 16.4% of population rural: 4.5% of population total: 6.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 83.6% of population rural: 95.5% of population total: 93.3% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
2.7% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 23
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
200,000 (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 29
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
13,000 (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 19
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne disease: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria, dengue fever, trypanosomiasis-Gambiense (African sleeping sickness)
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
6.6% (2014)
country comparison to the world: 166
[see also: Obesity - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
27.6% (2010)
country comparison to the world: 10
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
0.8% of GDP (2011)

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 27%
[see also: Literacy - total population country ranks ]
male: 40%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 16% (2009 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 18.5%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - total country ranks ]
male: 20%
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - male country ranks ]
female: 17% (2008 est.)
[see also: Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 - female country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 71

NOTE: 1) The information regarding South Sudan on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of South Sudan People 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about South Sudan People 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order

This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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