Chile Geography 2018


Chile Geography 2018

Page last updated on February 28, 2018

Southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru

Geographic coordinates:
30 00 S, 71 00 W

Map references:
South America

total: 756,102 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 743,812 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 12,290 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
note: includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua) and Isla Sala y Gomez
country comparison to the world: 39

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana
Area comparison map: slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana

Land boundaries:
total: 7,801 km
[see also: Land boundaries - total country ranks ]
border countries (3): Argentina 6,691 km, Bolivia 942 km, Peru 168 km

6,435 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - territorial sea country ranks ]
contiguous zone: 24 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - contiguous zone country ranks ]
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - exclusive economic zone country ranks ]
continental shelf: 200/350 nm
[see also: Maritime claims - continental shelf country ranks ]

temperate; desert in north; Mediterranean in central region; cool and damp in south
More Climate Details

low coastal mountains, fertile central valley, rugged Andes in east

mean elevation: 1,871 m
[see also: Elevation - mean elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m highest point: Nevado Ojos del Salado 6,880 m

Natural resources:
copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower

Land use:
agricultural land: 21.1% arable land 1.7%; permanent crops 0.6%; permanent pasture 18.8%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 21.9%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 57% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
11,100 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Population - distribution:
90% of the population is located in the middle third of the country around the capital of Santiago; the far north (anchored by the Atacama Desert) and the extreme south are relatively underpopulated

Natural hazards:
severe earthquakes; active volcanism; tsunamis
volcanism: significant volcanic activity due to more than three-dozen active volcanoes along the Andes Mountains; Lascar (5,592 m), which last erupted in 2007, is the most active volcano in the northern Chilean Andes; Llaima (3,125 m) in central Chile, which last erupted in 2009, is another of the country's most active; Chaiten's 2008 eruption forced major evacuations; other notable historically active volcanoes include Cerro Hudson, Calbuco, Copahue, Guallatiri, Llullaillaco, Nevados de Chillan, Puyehue, San Pedro, and Villarrica

Environment - current issues:
widespread deforestation and mining threaten natural resources; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
the longest north-south trending country in the world, extending across 39 degrees of latitude; strategic location relative to sea lanes between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); Atacama Desert - the driest desert in the world - spreads across the northern part of the country; the small crater lake of Ojos del Salado is the world's highest lake (at 6,390 m)

NOTE: 1) The information regarding Chile on this page is re-published from the 2018 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Chile Geography 2018 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Chile Geography 2018 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) The assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order

This page was last modified 28-Feb-18
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