South Sudan Economy 2016

South Sudan Economy 2016

Page last updated on February 12, 2016

Economy - overview:
Following several decades of civil war with Sudan, industry and infrastructure in landlocked South Sudan are severely underdeveloped and poverty is widespread. Subsistence agriculture provides a living for the vast majority of the population. Property rights are insecure and price signals are weak, because markets are not well organized. After independence, South Sudan's central bank issued a new currency, the South Sudanese Pound, allowing a short grace period for turning in the old currency.South Sudan has little infrastructure - approximately 250 kilometers of paved roads. Electricity is produced mostly by costly diesel generators, and indoor plumbing and potable water are scarce. South Sudan depends largely on imports of goods, services, and capital - mainly from Uganda, Kenya and Sudan.Nevertheless, South Sudan does have abundant natural resources. At independence in 2011, South Sudan produced nearly three-fourths of former Sudan's total oil output of nearly a half million barrels per day. The government of South Sudan derives nearly 98% of its budget revenues from oil. Oil is exported through two pipelines that run to refineries and shipping facilities at Port Sudan on the Red Sea. The economy of South Sudan will remain linked to Sudan for some time, given the long lead time and great expense required to build another pipeline, should the government decide to do so. In January 2012, South Sudan suspended production of oil because of its dispute with Sudan over transshipment fees. This suspension lasted 15 months and had a devastating impact on GDP, which declined by 48% in 2012. With the resumption of oil flows the economy rebounded strongly during the second half of calendar year 2013. This occurred in spite of the fact that oil production, at an average level of 222,000 barrels per day, was 40% lower compared with 2011, prior to the shutdown. GDP grew by about 25% in 2014. However, the outbreak of conflict on 15 December 2013 combined with a further reduction of oil exports, meant that GDP growth fell significantly in 2014 and poverty and food insecurity rose. South Sudan holds one of the richest agricultural areas in Africa with fertile soils and abundant water supplies. Currently the region supports 10-20 million head of cattle.South Sudan is currently burdened by considerable debt, accrued largely in 2012, because of rapidly accumulating arrears and increased military spending. South Sudan has received more than $4 billion in foreign aid since 2005, largely from the UK, the US, Norway, and the Netherlands. Annual inflation peaked at 79.5% in May 2012 but declined rapidly thereafter, to 1.7% in 2014, before jumping back to 41.1% in 2015, following the December 2013 outbreak of violence. Long-term challenges include diversifying the formal economy, alleviating poverty, maintaining macroeconomic stability, improving tax collection and financial management and improving the business environment.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$22.46 billion (2015 est.) $23.73 billion (2014 est.) $23.05 billion (2013 est.)
note: data are in 2015 US dollars
country comparison to the world: 140
[see also: GDP country ranks ]

GDP (official exchange rate):
$12.88 billion (2015 est.)
[see also: GDP (official exchange rate) country ranks ]

GDP - real growth rate:
-5.3% (2015 est.) 2.9% (2014 est.) 29.3% (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 214
[see also: GDP - real growth rate country ranks ]

GDP - per capita:
$2,000 (2015 est.) $2,100 (2014 est.) $2,000 (2013 est.)
note: data are in 2015 US dollars
country comparison to the world: 203
[see also: GDP - per capita country ranks ]

Gross national saving:
9% of GDP (2015 est.) 15.4% of GDP (2014 est.) 11.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154
[see also: Gross national saving country ranks ]

GDP - composition, by end use:
household consumption: 34.9%
[see also: GDP - composition, by end use - household consumption country ranks ]
government consumption: 17.1%
[see also: GDP - composition, by end use - government consumption country ranks ]
investment in fixed capital: 10.4%
[see also: GDP - composition, by end use - investment in fixed capital country ranks ]
exports of goods and services: 64.9%
[see also: GDP - composition, by end use - exports of goods and services country ranks ]
imports of goods and services: -27.2% (2011 est.)
[see also: GDP - composition, by end use - imports of goods and services country ranks ]

Agriculture - products:
sorghum, maize, rice, millet, wheat, gum arabic, sugarcane, mangoes, papayas, bananas, sweet potatoes, sunflower seeds, cotton, sesame seeds, cassava (manioc, tapioca), beans, peanuts; cattle, sheep

Population below poverty line:
50.6% (2009 est.)
[see also: Population below poverty line country ranks ]

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
46 (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 36
[see also: Distribution of family income - Gini index country ranks ]

revenues: $437 million
[see also: Budget revenues country ranks ]
expenditures: $2.259 billion (FY 2013 est.)
[see also: Budget expenditures country ranks ]

Taxes and other revenues:
3.4% of GDP (FY 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 217
[see also: Taxes and other revenues country ranks ]

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
-14.1% of GDP (FY 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 213
[see also: Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) country ranks ]

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
41.1% (2015 est.) 1.7% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 224
[see also: Inflation rate (consumer prices) country ranks ]

Stock of narrow money:
$1.873 billion (31 December 2013) $2.032 billion (31 December 2012)
country comparison to the world: 129
[see also: Stock of narrow money country ranks ]

Stock of broad money:
$2.194 billion (31 December 2013 est.) $2.23 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 150
[see also: Stock of broad money country ranks ]

Current account balance:
-$623 million (2015 est.) $380 million (2014 est.) (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 104
[see also: Current account balance country ranks ]

Exchange rates:
South Sudanese pounds (SSP) per US dollar - 0.89 (2015 est.) 0.75 (2014 est.) 0.76 (2013 est.) 0.78 (2012 est.) 0.72 (2011 est.)

NOTE: The information regarding South Sudan on this page is re-published from the 2016 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of South Sudan Economy 2016 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about South Sudan Economy 2016 should be addressed to the CIA.

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