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Guinea-Bissau Geography 2016
https://theodora.com/wfbcurrent/guineabissau/guineabissau_geography.html
SOURCE: 2016 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Guinea-Bissau Geography 2016
SOURCE: 2016 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 11, 2016

Location:
Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Senegal

Geographic coordinates:
12 00 N, 15 00 W

Map references:
Africa

Area:
total: 36,125 sq km
[see also: Area - total country ranks ]
land: 28,120 sq km
[see also: Area - land country ranks ]
water: 8,005 sq km
[see also: Area - water country ranks ]
country comparison to the world: 138

Area - comparative:
slightly less than three times the size of Connecticut

Land boundaries:
total: 762 km
border countries (2): Guinea 421 km, Senegal 341 km
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]

Coastline:
350 km
[see also: Coastline country ranks ]

Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:
tropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds

Terrain:
mostly low-lying coastal plain with a deeply indented estuarine coastline rising to savanna in east; numerous off-shore islands including the Arquipelago Dos Bijagos consisting of 18 main islands and many small islets

Elevation:
mean elevation:
[see also: Mean Elevation country ranks ]
elevation extremes:
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation in the eastern part of the country 300 m

Natural resources:
fish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, clay, granite, limestone, unexploited deposits of petroleum

Land use:
agricultural land: 44.8% arable land 8.2%; permanent crops 6.9%; permanent pasture 29.7%
[see also: Land use - agricultural land country ranks ]
forest: 55.2%
[see also: Land use - forest country ranks ]
other: 0% (2011 est.)
[see also: Land use - other country ranks ]

Irrigated land:
250 sq km (2012)
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]

Total renewable water resources:
31 cu km (2011)
[see also: Total renewable water resources country ranks ]

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
total: 0.18 cu km/yr (18%/6%/76%)
per capita: 135.7 cu m/yr (2005)

Natural hazards:
hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; brush fires

Environment - current issues:
deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; overfishing

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:
this small country is swampy along its western coast and low-lying inland

NOTE: The information regarding Guinea-Bissau on this page is re-published from the 2016 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Guinea-Bissau Geography 2016 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Guinea-Bissau Geography 2016 should be addressed to the CIA.




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