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Cambodia Economy 2008

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Economy - overview:
In 1999, the first full year of peace in 30 years, the government made progress on economic reforms. The US and Cambodia signed a Bilateral Textile Agreement, which gave Cambodia a guaranteed quota of US textile imports and established a bonus for improving working conditions and enforcing Cambodian labor laws and international labor standards in the industry. From 2001 to 2004, the economy grew at an average rate of 6.4%, driven largely by an expansion in the garment sector and tourism. With the January 2005 expiration of a WTO Agreement on Textiles and Clothing, Cambodia-based textile producers were forced to compete directly with lower-priced producing countries such as China and India. Better-than-expected garment sector performance led to more than 8% growth in 2007. Its vibrant garment industry employs more than 80,000 people and contributes more than 70% of Cambodia's exports. The Cambodian government has committed itself to a policy supporting high labor standards in an attempt to maintain buyer interest. The tourism industry continues to grow rapidly, with foreign arrivals reaching 2 million in 2006. In 2007 the government signed a joint venture agreement with two companies to form a new national airline. In 2005, exploitable oil and natural gas deposits were found beneath Cambodia's territorial waters, representing a new revenue stream for the government if commercial extraction begins. Mining also is attracting significant investor interest, particularly in the northeastern parts of the country, and the government has said opportunities exist for mining bauxite, gold, iron and gems. The long-term development of the economy remains a daunting challenge. The Cambodian government is working with bilateral and multilateral donors, including the World Bank and IMF, to address the country's many pressing needs. The major economic challenge for Cambodia over the next decade will be fashioning an economic environment in which the private sector can create enough jobs to handle Cambodia's demographic imbalance. More than 50% of the population is less than 21 years old. The population lacks education and productive skills, particularly in the poverty-ridden countryside, which suffers from an almost total lack of basic infrastructure.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$25.79 billion (2007 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate):
$5.949 billion (2007 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
8.5% (2007 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$1,800 (2007 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 33.7%
industry: 27.1%
services: 39.1% (2007 est.)

Labor force:
7 million (2003 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 75%
industry: NA%
services: NA% (2004 est.)

Unemployment rate:
2.5% (2000 est.)

Population below poverty line:
35% (2004)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 2.9%
highest 10%: 34.8% (2004)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
41.7 (2004 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
4.4% (2007 est.)

Investment (gross fixed):
20.3% of GDP (2007 est.)

revenues: $915.5 million
expenditures: $1.101 billion (2007 est.)

Agriculture - products:
rice, rubber, corn, vegetables, cashews, tapioca

tourism, garments, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles

Industrial production growth rate:
12% (2007 est.)

Electricity - production:
134 million kWh (2005)

Electricity - consumption:
206.6 million kWh (2005)

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2005)

Electricity - imports:
82 million kWh (2005)

Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2005)

Oil - consumption:
3,700 bbl/day (2005 est.)

Oil - exports:
0 bbl/day (2004)

Oil - imports:
3,585 bbl/day (2004)

Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2006 est.)

natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2005)

natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2006 est.)

Current account balance:
-$410 million (2007 est.)

$4.366 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)

Exports - commodities:
clothing, timber, rubber, rice, fish, tobacco, footwear

Exports - partners:
US 53.3%, Hong Kong 15.2%, Germany 6.6%, UK 4.3% (2006)

$5.617 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.)

Imports - partners:
Hong Kong 18.1%, China 17.5%, Thailand 13.9%, Taiwan 12.7%, Vietnam 9%, Singapore 5.3%, South Korea 4.9%, Japan 4.3% (2006)

Economic aid - recipient:
$537.8 million pledged in grants and concession loans for 2005 by international donors (2005)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$1.662 billion (31 December 2007 est.)

Debt - external:
$3.98 billion (31 December 2007 est.)

Market value of publicly traded shares:

Currency (code):
riel (KHR)

Exchange rates:
riels per US dollar - 4,085 (2007), 4,103 (2006), 4,092.5 (2005), 4,016.25 (2004), 3,973.33 (2003)

Fiscal year:
calendar year

NOTE: The information regarding Cambodia on this page is re-published from the 2008 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cambodia Economy 2008 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cambodia Economy 2008 should be addressed to the CIA.

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This page was last modified 24-May-08
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