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Norway Economy 2007
https://allcountries.org/wfb2007/norway/norway_economy.html
SOURCE: 2007 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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Economy - overview:
The Norwegian economy is a prosperous bastion of welfare capitalism, featuring a combination of free market activity and government intervention. The government controls key areas, such as the vital petroleum sector, through large-scale state enterprises. The country is richly endowed with natural resources - petroleum, hydropower, fish, forests, and minerals - and is highly dependent on its oil production and international oil prices, with oil and gas accounting for one-third of exports. Only Saudi Arabia and Russia export more oil than Norway. Norway opted to stay out of the EU during a referendum in November 1994; nonetheless, as a member of the European Economic Area, it contributes sizably to the EU budget. The government has moved ahead with privatization. Although Norwegian oil production peaked in 2000, natural gas production is still rising. Norwegians realize that once their gas production peaks they will eventually face declining oil and gas revenues; accordingly, Norway has been saving its oil-and-gas-boosted budget surpluses in a Government Petroleum Fund, which is invested abroad and now is valued at more than $250 billion. After lackluster growth of less than 1% in 2002-03, GDP growth picked up to 3-4% in 2004-06. Norway's economy remains buoyant. Domestic economic activity is, and will continue to be, the main driver of growth, supported by high consumer confidence and strong investment spending in the offshore oil and gas sector.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$213.6 billion (2006 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate):
$264.4 billion (2006 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
4.6% (2006 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$46,300 (2006 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 2.4%
industry: 43.5%
services: 54.1% (2006 est.)

Labor force:
2.447 million (2006 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 4%
industry: 22%
services: 74% (1995)

Unemployment rate:
3.5% (2006 est.)

Population below poverty line:
NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 3.9%
highest 10%: 23.4% (2000)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
25.8 (2000)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
2.3% (2006 est.)

Investment (gross fixed):
18.6% of GDP (2006 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $200.7 billion
expenditures: $136.1 billion (2006 est.)

Public debt:
41.2% of GDP (2006 est.)

Agriculture - products:
barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish

Industries:
petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing

Industrial production growth rate:
1.8% (2006 est.)

Electricity - production:
135.8 billion kWh (2005)

Electricity - consumption:
113.9 billion kWh (2005)

Electricity - exports:
15.7 billion kWh (2005)

Electricity - imports:
3.652 billion kWh (2005)

Oil - production:
3.22 million bbl/day (2005 est.)

Oil - consumption:
244,300 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil - exports:
3.018 million bbl/day (2004)

Oil - imports:
91,930 bbl/day (2004)

Oil - proved reserves:
8.5 billion bbl (1 January 2006)

Natural gas - production:
83.44 billion cu m (2005 est.)

Natural gas - consumption:
5.342 billion cu m (2005 est.)

Natural gas - exports:
78.1 billion cu m (2005 est.)

Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2005)

Natural gas - proved reserves:
2.288 trillion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)

Current account balance:
$55.21 billion (2006 est.)

Exports:
$122.7 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Exports - commodities:
petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment, metals, chemicals, ships, fish

Exports - partners:
UK 26.8%, Germany 12.3%, Netherlands 10.3%, France 8.2%, Sweden 6.4%, US 5.7% (2006)

Imports:
$62.99 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Imports - commodities:
machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs

Imports - partners:
Sweden 15%, Germany 13.5%, Denmark 6.9%, UK 6.4%, China 5.7%, US 5.3%, Netherlands 4.1% (2006)

Economic aid - donor:
ODA, $1.4 billion (1998)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$56.84 billion (2006 est.)

Debt - external:
$350.3 billion; note - Norway is a net external creditor (30 June 2006)

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$56.7 billion (2006 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$104.7 billion (2006 est.)

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$191 billion (2005)

Currency (code):
Norwegian krone (NOK)

Exchange rates:
Norwegian kroner per US dollar - 6.4117 (2006), 6.4425 (2005), 6.7408 (2004), 7.0802 (2003), 7.9838 (2002)

Fiscal year:
calendar year


NOTE: The information regarding Norway on this page is re-published from the 2007 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Norway Economy 2007 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Norway Economy 2007 should be addressed to the CIA.



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