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Marshall Islands Economy 2007

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Economy - overview:
US Government assistance is the mainstay of this tiny island economy. Agricultural production, primarily subsistence, is concentrated on small farms; the most important commercial crops are coconuts and breadfruit. Small-scale industry is limited to handicrafts, tuna processing, and copra. The tourist industry, now a small source of foreign exchange employing less than 10% of the labor force, remains the best hope for future added income. The islands have few natural resources, and imports far exceed exports. Under the terms of the Amended Compact of Free Association, the US will provide millions of dollars per year to the Marshall Islands (RMI) through 2023, at which time a Trust Fund made up of US and RMI contributions will begin perpetual annual payouts. Government downsizing, drought, a drop in construction, the decline in tourism, and less income from the renewal of fishing vessel licenses have held GDP growth to an average of 1% over the past decade.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$115 million (2001 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate):
$144 million (2005)

GDP - real growth rate:
3.5% (2005 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$2,900 (2005 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 31.7%
industry: 14.9%
services: 53.4% (2004 est.)

Labor force:
14,680 (2000)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 21.4%
industry: 20.9%
services: 57.7% (2000)

Unemployment rate:
30.9% (2000 est.)

Population below poverty line:

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
3% (2005 est.)

revenues: $42 million
expenditures: $40 million (1999)

Agriculture - products:
coconuts, tomatoes, melons, taro, breadfruit, fruits; pigs, chickens

copra, tuna processing, tourism, craft items from seashells, wood, and pearls

Industrial production growth rate:

$9.1 million f.o.b. (2000)

Exports - commodities:
copra cake, coconut oil, handicrafts, fish

Exports - partners:
US, Japan, Australia, China (2006)

$54.7 million f.o.b. (2000)

Imports - commodities:
foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, fuels, beverages and tobacco

Imports - partners:
US, Japan, Australia, NZ, Singapore, Fiji, China, Philippines (2006)

Economic aid - recipient:
$56.56 million more than $1 billion from the US, 1986-2002 (2005)

Debt - external:
$86.5 million (FY99/00 est.)

Currency (code):
US dollar (USD)

Exchange rates:
the US dollar is used

Fiscal year:
1 October - 30 September

NOTE: The information regarding Marshall Islands on this page is re-published from the 2007 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Marshall Islands Economy 2007 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Marshall Islands Economy 2007 should be addressed to the CIA.

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This page was last modified 29-Sep-09
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