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Maldives Economy 2007

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Economy - overview:
Tourism, Maldives' largest industry, accounts for 28% of GDP and more than 60% of the Maldives' foreign exchange receipts. Over 90% of government tax revenue comes from import duties and tourism-related taxes. Fishing is the second leading sector. Agriculture and manufacturing continue to play a lesser role in the economy, constrained by the limited availability of cultivable land and the shortage of domestic labor. Most staple foods must be imported. Industry, which consists mainly of garment production, boat building, and handicrafts, accounts for about 7% of GDP. The Maldivian Government began an economic reform program in 1989 initially by lifting import quotas and opening some exports to the private sector. Subsequently, it has liberalized regulations to allow more foreign investment. Real GDP growth averaged over 7.5% per year for more than a decade. In late December 2004, a major tsunami left more than 100 dead, 12,000 displaced, and property damage exceeding $300 million. As a result of the tsunami, the GDP contracted by about 3.6% in 2005. A rebound in tourism, post-tsunami reconstruction, and development of new resorts helped boost GDP by about 18 percent in 2006. The trade deficit has expanded sharply as a result of high oil prices and imports of construction material. Diversifying beyond tourism and fishing is the major challenge facing the government. Over the longer term Maldivian authorities worry about the impact of erosion and possible global warming on their low-lying country; 80% of the area is one meter or less above sea level.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$2.839 billion (2006 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate):
$906 million (2006 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
18% (2006 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$3,900 (2002 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 16%
industry: 7%
services: 77% (2006 est.)

Labor force:
101,300 (2004)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 22%
industry: 18%
services: 60% (1995)

Unemployment rate:
NEGL% (2003 est.)

Population below poverty line:
21% (2004)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
6% (2005 est.)

revenues: $508 million (including foreign grants)
expenditures: $671 million (2006 est.)

Agriculture - products:
coconuts, corn, sweet potatoes; fish

tourism, fish processing, shipping, boat building, coconut processing, garments, woven mats, rope, handicrafts, coral and sand mining

Industrial production growth rate:
-0.9% (2004 est.)

Electricity - production:
169 million kWh (2005)

Electricity - consumption:
157.1 million kWh (2005)

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2005)

Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2005)

Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil - consumption:
7,200 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil - exports:
NA bbl/day

Oil - imports:
NA bbl/day

Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2006)

Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

Natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

$214 million f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Exports - commodities:

Exports - partners:
Thailand 33.1%, UK 14.3%, Sri Lanka 11.9%, Japan 10.3%, France 6.9%, Algeria 6.1% (2006)

$832 million f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Imports - commodities:
petroleum products, ships, foodstuffs, clothing, intermediate and capital goods

Imports - partners:
Singapore 23.2%, UAE 15.8%, India 11.1%, Malaysia 7.9%, Thailand 6.9%, Sri Lanka 5.7% (2006)

Economic aid - recipient:
$66.83 million (2005)

Debt - external:
$482 million (2006 est.)

Market value of publicly traded shares:

Currency (code):
rufiyaa (MVR)

Exchange rates:
rufiyaa per US dollar - 12.8 (2006), 12.8 (2005), 12.8 (2004), 12.8 (2003), 12.8 (2002)

Fiscal year:
calendar year

NOTE: The information regarding Maldives on this page is re-published from the 2007 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Maldives Economy 2007 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Maldives Economy 2007 should be addressed to the CIA.

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This page was last modified 29-Sep-09
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