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    Iles Eparses Index 2007

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    Iles Eparses Geography - 2007

      Southern Africa, in the Indian Ocean
      Bassas da India: atoll in the southern Mozambique Channel, about half way from Madagascar to Mozambique
      Europa Island: island in the Mozambique Channel, about half way between southern Madagascar and southern Mozambique
      Glorioso Islands: group of islands in the Indian Ocean, northwest of Madagascar
      Juan de Nova Island: island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-third of the way between Madagascar and Mozambique
      Tromelin Island: island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar

      Geographic coordinates:
      Bassas da India: 21 30 S, 39 50 E
      Europa Island: 22 20 S, 40 22 E
      Glorioso Islands: 11 30 S, 47 20 E
      Juan de Nova Island: 17 03 S, 42 45 E
      Tromelin Island: 15 52 S, 54 25 E

      Map references:

      Bassas da India: total - 80 sq km; land - 0.2 sq km; water - 79.8 sq km (lagoon)
      Europa Island: total - 28 sq km; land - 28 sq km; water - 0 sq km
      Glorioso Islands: total - 5 sq km; land - 5 sq km; water - 0 sq km
      Juan de Nova Island: total - 4.4 sq km; land - 4.4 sq km; water - 0 sq km
      Tromelin Island: total - 1 sq km; land - 1 sq km; water - 0 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      Bassas da India: land area about one-third the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
      Europa Island: about one-sixth the size of Washington, DC
      Glorioso Islands: about eight times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
      Juan de Nova Island: about seven times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
      Tromelin Island: about 1.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:

      Bassas da India: 35.2 km
      Europa Island: 22.2 km
      Glorioso Islands: 35.2 km
      Juan de Nova Island: 24.1 km
      Tromelin Island: 3.7 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm; note - Juan de Nova Island and Tromelin Island claim a continental shelf of 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation


      Bassas da India: atoll, awash at high tide; shallow (15 m) lagoon
      Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island: low, flat, and sandy
      Tromelin Island: low, flat, sandy; likely volcanic seamount

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Bassas da India 2.4 m; Europa Island 24 m; Glorioso Islands 12 m; Juan de Nova Island 10 m; Tromelin Island 7 m (all unnamed locations)

      Natural resources:
      Bassas da India and Europa Island: none
      Glorioso Islands and Juan de Nova Island: guano, phosphates; coconuts
      Tromelin Island: fish

      Land use:
      Bassas da India - 100% rock, coral reef, and sand; Europa Island - 100% mangrove swamp and dry woodlands; Glorioso Islands - 100% lush vegetation and coconut palms; Juan de Nova Island - 90% forest, 10% other; Tromelin Island - 100% grasses and scattered brush

      Natural hazards:
      all islands subject to periodic cyclones
      Bassas da India: maritime hazard since it is under water for a period of three hours prior to and following the high tide and surrounded by reefs

      Geography - note:
      Bassas da India: the atoll is a circular reef that sits atop a long-extinct, submerged volcano
      Europa Island and Juan de Nova Island: wildlife sanctuary for seabirds and sea turtles
      Glorioso Islands: the islands and rocks are surrounded by an extensive reef system
      Tromelin Island: climatologically important location for forecasting cyclones in the western Indian Ocean; wildlife sanctuary (seabirds, tortoises)

      NOTE: The information regarding Iles Eparses on this page is re-published from the 2007 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Iles Eparses Geography 2007 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Iles Eparses Geography 2007 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 12-Mar-07
    Copyright © 2007 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)