Chile Economy 2007

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Economy - overview:
Chile has a market-oriented economy characterized by a high level of foreign trade. During the early 1990s, Chile's reputation as a role model for economic reform was strengthened when the democratic government of Patricio AYLWIN - which took over from the military in 1990 - deepened the economic reform initiated by the military government. Growth in real GDP averaged 8% during 1991-97, but fell to half that level in 1998 because of tight monetary policies implemented to keep the current account deficit in check and because of lower export earnings - the latter a product of the global financial crisis. A severe drought exacerbated the recession in 1999, reducing crop yields and causing hydroelectric shortfalls and electricity rationing, and Chile experienced negative economic growth for the first time in more than 15 years. Despite the effects of the recession, Chile maintained its reputation for strong financial institutions and sound policy that have given it the strongest sovereign bond rating in South America. Between 2000 and 2006 growth ranged between 2%-6%. Throughout these years Chile maintained a low rate of inflation with GDP growth coming from high copper prices, solid export earnings (particularly forestry, fishing, and mining), and growing domestic consumption. Chile continues to attract foreign direct investment, but most foreign investment goes into gas, water, electricity and mining. Unemployment has exhibited a downward trend over the past year, dropping to 7.8% at the end of 2006. Chile deepened its longstanding commitment to trade liberalization with the signing of a free trade agreement with the US, which took effect on 1 January 2004. Chile signed or ratified a number of trade agreements in 2006, including with China and India. Chile claims to have more bilateral or regional trade agreements than any other country. It has 57 such agreements (not all of them full free trade agreements), including with the European Union, Mercosur, South Korea, and Mexico.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$202.7 billion (2006 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate):
$99.55 billion (2006)

GDP - real growth rate:
4% (2006 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$12,600 (2006 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 5.1%
industry: 49.8%
services: 45.2% (2006 est.)

Labor force:
6.835 million (2006 est.)

Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 13.6%
industry: 23.4%
services: 63% (2003)

Unemployment rate:
7.8% (2006 est.)

Population below poverty line:
18.2% (2005)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 1.4%
highest 10%: 45% (2003)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
54.9 (2003)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
3.4% (2006 est.)

Investment (gross fixed):
19.3% of GDP (2006 est.)

revenues: $37.78 billion
expenditures: $26.5 billion (2006 est.)

Public debt:
5.4% of GDP (2006 est.)

Agriculture - products:
grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans; beef, poultry, wool; fish; timber

copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles

Industrial production growth rate:
3.1% (2006)

Electricity - production:
47.6 billion kWh (2006)

Electricity - consumption:
48.31 billion kWh (2005)

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2005)

Electricity - imports:
2.152 billion kWh (2005)

Oil - production:
15,100 bbl/day (2006 est.)

Oil - consumption:
238,000 bbl/day (2006 est.)

Oil - exports:
31,510 bbl/day (2004)

Oil - imports:
222,900 bbl/day (2006 est.)

Oil - proved reserves:
150 million bbl (1 January 2006)

Natural gas - production:
1.957 billion cu m (2005 est.)

Natural gas - consumption:
8.191 billion cu m (2005 est.)

Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

Natural gas - imports:
6.234 billion cu m (2005)

Natural gas - proved reserves:
93.97 billion cu m (1 January 2006 est.)

Current account balance:
$5.256 billion (2006 est.)

$58.12 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Exports - commodities:
copper, fruit, fish products, paper and pulp, chemicals, wine

Exports - partners:
US 15.6%, Japan 10.5%, China 8.6%, Netherlands 6.7%, South Korea 5.9%, Italy 4.9%, Brazil 4.8%, France 4.2% (2006)

$35.9 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Imports - commodities:
petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, electrical and telecommunications equipment, industrial machinery, vehicles, natural gas

Imports - partners:
US 15.6%, Argentina 12.6%, Brazil 11.8%, China 9.7% (2006)

Economic aid - recipient:
$0 (2006)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$19.4 billion (2006 est.)

Debt - external:
$47.71 billion (2006 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$84.07 billion (2006 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$28.5 billion (2006 est.)

Market value of publicly traded shares:
$174.6 billion (2006)

Currency (code):
Chilean peso (CLP)

Exchange rates:
Chilean pesos per US dollar - 530.29 (2006), 560.09 (2005), 609.37 (2004), 691.43 (2003), 688.94 (2002)

Fiscal year:
calendar year

NOTE: The information regarding Chile on this page is re-published from the 2007 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Chile Economy 2007 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Chile Economy 2007 should be addressed to the CIA.

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