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Cape Verde Economy 2007
https://allcountries.org/wfb2007/cape_verde/cape_verde_economy.html
SOURCE: 2007 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

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Economy - overview:
This island economy suffers from a poor natural resource base, including serious water shortages exacerbated by cycles of long-term drought. The economy is service-oriented, with commerce, transport, tourism, and public services accounting for 66% of GDP. Although nearly 70% of the population lives in rural areas, the share of food production in GDP in 2004 was only 12%, of which fishing accounted for 1.5%. About 82% of food must be imported. The fishing potential, mostly lobster and tuna, is not fully exploited. Cape Verde annually runs a high trade deficit, financed by foreign aid and remittances from emigrants; remittances supplement GDP by more than 20%. Economic reforms are aimed at developing the private sector and attracting foreign investment to diversify the economy. Future prospects depend heavily on the maintenance of aid flows, the encouragement of tourism, remittances, and the momentum of the government's development program. Cape Verde has been exploring European Union membership in recent years.

GDP (purchasing power parity):
$3.129 billion (2006 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate):
$1.128 billion (2005 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:
5.5% (2005 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP):
$6,000 (2006 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 9.6%
industry: 16.6%
services: 73.8% (2006 est.)

Labor force:
120,600 (1990)

Unemployment rate:
21% (2000 est.)

Population below poverty line:
30% (2000)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
5.4% (2006 est.)

Investment (gross fixed):
37.8% of GDP (2006 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $354.2 million
expenditures: $398.5 million (2006 est.)

Agriculture - products:
bananas, corn, beans, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, coffee, peanuts; fish

Industries:
food and beverages, fish processing, shoes and garments, salt mining, ship repair

Industrial production growth rate:
NA%

Electricity - production:
45 million kWh (2005)

Electricity - consumption:
41.85 million kWh (2005)

Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2005)

Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2005)

Oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2004)

Oil - consumption:
1,150 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil - exports:
NA bbl/day

Oil - imports:
NA bbl/day

Oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2006)

Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

Natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2005 est.)

Current account balance:
$-129 million (2006 est.)

Exports:
$88 million f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Exports - commodities:
fuel, shoes, garments, fish, hides

Exports - partners:
Spain 43.3%, Portugal 21.9%, Netherlands 12.8%, Morocco 4.6% (2006)

Imports:
$561 million f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Imports - commodities:
foodstuffs, industrial products, transport equipment, fuels

Imports - partners:
Portugal 41.2%, Netherlands 10.6%, Spain 6.2%, Italy 5.5%, Cote d'Ivoire 5.2%, Brazil 4.8% (2006)

Economic aid - recipient:
$160.6 million (2005)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$254 million (2006 est.)

Debt - external:
$325 million (2002)

Currency (code):
Cape Verdean escudo (CVE)

Exchange rates:
Cape Verdean escudos (CVE) per US dollar - 87.946 (2006), 88.67 (2005), 88.808 (2004), 97.703 (2003), 117.168 (2002)

Fiscal year:
calendar year


NOTE: The information regarding Cape Verde on this page is re-published from the 2007 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cape Verde Economy 2007 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cape Verde Economy 2007 should be addressed to the CIA.



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This page was last modified 29-Sep-09
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