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    Tanzania Index 2005

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    Tanzania Geography - 2005

      Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique

      Geographic coordinates:
      6 00 S, 35 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 945,087 sq km
      land: 886,037 sq km
      water: 59,050 sq km
      note: includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than twice the size of California

      Land boundaries:
      total: 3,861 km
      border countries: Burundi 451 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 459 km, Kenya 769 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Rwanda 217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km

      1,424 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

      varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands

      plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Kilimanjaro 5,895 m

      Natural resources:
      hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel

      Land use:
      arable land: 4.52%
      permanent crops: 1.08%
      other: 94.4% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      1,550 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought

      Environment - current issues:
      soil degradation; deforestation; desertification; destruction of coral reefs threatens marine habitats; recent droughts affected marginal agriculture; wildlife threatened by illegal hunting and trade, especially for ivory

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      Kilimanjaro is highest point in Africa; bordered by three of the largest lakes on the continent: Lake Victoria (the world's second-largest freshwater lake) in the north, Lake Tanganyika (the world's second deepest) in the west, and Lake Nyasa in the southwest

      NOTE: The information regarding Tanzania on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tanzania Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tanzania Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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