2005 INDEXCountry Ranks
Switzerland Index 2005
Switzerland Main Index
Switzerland Introduction - 2005
SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK
The Swiss Confederation was founded in 1291 as a defensive alliance among three cantons. In succeeding years, other localities joined the original three. The Swiss Confederation established its independence from the Holy Roman Empire in 1499. Switzerland's independence and neutrality have long been honored by the major European powers, and Switzerland was not involved in either of the two World Wars. The political and economic integration of Europe over the past half century, as well as Switzerland's role in many UN and international organizations, has strengthened Switzerland's ties with its neighbors. However, the country did not officially become a UN member until 2002. Switzerland remains active in many UN and international organizations, but retains a strong commitment to neutrality.
NOTE: The information regarding Switzerland on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Switzerland Introduction 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Switzerland Introduction 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.