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    Sweden Index 2005

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    Sweden Geography - 2005

      Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, Kattegat, and Skagerrak, between Finland and Norway

      Geographic coordinates:
      62 00 N, 15 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 449,964 sq km
      land: 410,934 sq km
      water: 39,030 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than California

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,233 km
      border countries: Finland 614 km, Norway 1,619 km

      3,218 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm (adjustments made to return a portion of straits to high seas)
      exclusive economic zone: agreed boundaries or midlines
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

      temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; subarctic in north

      mostly flat or gently rolling lowlands; mountains in west

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: reclaimed bay of Lake Hammarsjon, near Kristianstad -2.41 m
      highest point: Kebnekaise 2,111 m

      Natural resources:
      iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 6.54%
      permanent crops: 0.01%
      other: 93.45% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      1,150 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      ice floes in the surrounding waters, especially in the Gulf of Bothnia, can interfere with maritime traffic

      Environment - current issues:
      acid rain damage to soils and lakes; pollution of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      strategic location along Danish Straits linking Baltic and North Seas

      NOTE: The information regarding Sweden on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sweden Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sweden Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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