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    Somalia Index 2005

    Somalia Main Index

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    Somalia People - 2005

      note: this estimate was derived from an official census taken in 1975 by the Somali Government; population counting in Somalia is complicated by the large number of nomads and by refugee movements in response to famine and clan warfare (July 2005 est.)

      Age structure:
      0-14 years: 44.5% (male 1,918,209/female 1,905,974)
      15-64 years: 52.9% (male 2,278,406/female 2,263,602)
      65 years and over: 2.6% (male 96,256/female 129,182) (2005 est.)

      Median age:
      total: 17.59 years
      male: 17.53 years
      female: 17.65 years (2005 est.)

      Population growth rate:
      3.38% (2005 est.)

      Birth rate:
      45.62 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)

      Death rate:
      16.97 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)

      Net migration rate:
      5.19 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)

      Sex ratio:
      at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
      under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
      15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
      65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
      total population: 1 male(s)/female (2005 est.)

      Infant mortality rate:
      total: 116.7 deaths/1,000 live births
      male: 126.06 deaths/1,000 live births
      female: 107.06 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)

      Life expectancy at birth:
      total population: 48.09 years
      male: 46.36 years
      female: 49.87 years (2005 est.)

      See also: Healthy Life Expectancy

      See also: Health Performance

      Total fertility rate:
      6.84 children born/woman (2005 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
      1% (2001 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
      43,000 (2001 est.)

      HIV/AIDS - deaths:

      Major infectious diseases:
      degree of risk: very high
      food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
      vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever are high risks in some locations
      water contact disease: schistosomiasis
      animal contact disease: rabies (2004)

      noun: Somali(s)
      adjective: Somali

      Ethnic groups:
      Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000)

      Sunni Muslim

      Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English

      definition: age 15 and over can read and write
      total population: 37.8%
      male: 49.7%
      female: 25.8% (2001 est.)

      NOTE: The information regarding Somalia on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Somalia People 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Somalia People 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
    Copyright © 2005 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)