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    Saint Helena Index 2005

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    Saint Helena Geography - 2005

      islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, about midway between South America and Africa

      Geographic coordinates:
      15 56 S, 5 42 W

      Map references:

      total: 410 sq km
      land: 410 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes Saint Helena Island, Ascension, and the island group of Tristan da Cunha, which consists of Tristan da Cunha Island, Gough Island, Inaccessible Island, and the three Nightingale Islands

      Area - comparative:
      slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      60 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm

      Saint Helena - tropical; marine; mild, tempered by trade winds; Tristan da Cunha - temperate; marine, mild, tempered by trade winds (tends to be cooler than Saint Helena)

      Saint Helena - rugged, volcanic; small scattered plateaus and plains
      note: the other islands of the group have a volcanic origin

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Queen Mary's Peak on Tristan da Cunha 2,060 m

      Natural resources:

      Land use:
      arable land: 12.9%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 87.1% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:
      active volcanism on Tristan da Cunha

      Environment - current issues:

      Geography - note:
      harbors at least 40 species of plants unknown anywhere else in the world; Ascension is a breeding ground for sea turtles and sooty terns

      NOTE: The information regarding Saint Helena on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Saint Helena Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Saint Helena Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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