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    Rwanda Index 2005

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    Rwanda Geography - 2005

      Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo

      Geographic coordinates:
      2 00 S, 30 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 26,338 sq km
      land: 24,948 sq km
      water: 1,390 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries:
      total: 893 km
      border countries: Burundi 290 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 217 km, Tanzania 217 km, Uganda 169 km

      0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims:
      none (landlocked)

      temperate; two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January); mild in mountains with frost and snow possible

      mostly grassy uplands and hills; relief is mountainous with altitude declining from west to east

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Rusizi River 950 m
      highest point: Volcan Karisimbi 4,519 m

      Natural resources:
      gold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 40.54%
      permanent crops: 12.16%
      other: 47.3% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      40 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      periodic droughts; the volcanic Virunga mountains are in the northwest along the border with Democratic Republic of the Congo

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation results from uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel; overgrazing; soil exhaustion; soil erosion; widespread poaching

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note:
      landlocked; most of the country is savanna grassland with the population predominantly rural

      NOTE: The information regarding Rwanda on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Rwanda Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Rwanda Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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