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    Libya Index 2005

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    Libya Geography - 2005

      Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia

      Geographic coordinates:
      25 00 N, 17 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 1,759,540 sq km
      land: 1,759,540 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than Alaska

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4,348 km
      border countries: Algeria 982 km, Chad 1,055 km, Egypt 1,115 km, Niger 354 km, Sudan 383 km, Tunisia 459 km

      1,770 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      note: Gulf of Sidra closing line - 32 degrees, 30 minutes north

      Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior

      mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Sabkhat Ghuzayyil -47 m
      highest point: Bikku Bitti 2,267 m

      Natural resources:
      petroleum, natural gas, gypsum

      Land use:
      arable land: 1.03%
      permanent crops: 0.19%
      other: 98.78% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      4,700 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall; dust storms, sandstorms

      Environment - current issues:
      desertification; very limited natural fresh water resources; the Great Manmade River Project, the largest water development scheme in the world, is being built to bring water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastal cities

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note:
      more than 90% of the country is desert or semidesert

      NOTE: The information regarding Libya on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Libya Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Libya Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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