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    Laos Index 2005

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    Laos Economy - 2005
    https://allcountries.org/wfb2005/laos/laos_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      The government of Laos - one of the few remaining official Communist states - began decentralizing control and encouraging private enterprise in 1986. The results, starting from an extremely low base, were striking - growth averaged 6% in 1988-2004 except during the short-lived drop caused by the Asian financial crisis beginning in 1997. Despite this high growth rate, Laos remains a country with a primitive infrastructure; it has no railroads, a rudimentary road system, and limited external and internal telecommunications. The government has sponsored major improvements in the road system. Electricity is available in only a few urban areas. Subsistence agriculture accounts for half of GDP and provides 80% of total employment. The economy will continue to benefit from aid from the IMF and other international sources and from new foreign investment in food processing and mining. In late 2004, Laos gained Normal Trade Relations status with the US, allowing Laos-based producers to face lower tariffs on their exports; this may help spur growth.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $11.28 billion (2004 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      6% (2004 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $1,900 (2004 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 49.5%
      industry: 27.5%
      services: 23% (2004 est.)

      Labor force:
      2.6 million (2001 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture 80% (1997 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      5.7% (1997 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      40% (2002 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 3.2%
      highest 10%: 30.6% (1997)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      37 (1997)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      12.3% (2004 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $284.3 million
      expenditures: $416.5 million, including capital expenditures of NA (2004 est.)

      Agriculture - products:
      sweet potatoes, vegetables, corn, coffee, sugarcane, tobacco, cotton, tea, peanuts, rice, water buffalo, pigs, cattle, poultry

      Industries:
      tin and gypsum mining, timber, electric power, agricultural processing, construction, garments, tourism

      Industrial production growth rate:
      9.7% (2001 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      3.56 billion kWh (2002)

      Electricity - consumption:
      3.036 billion kWh (2002)

      Electricity - exports:
      400 million kWh (2002)

      Electricity - imports:
      125 million kWh (2002)

      Oil - production:
      0 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      2,750 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Current account balance:
      $-80.76 million (2004 est.)

      Exports:
      $365.5 million (2004 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      garments, wood products, coffee, electricity, tin

      Exports - partners:
      Thailand 19%, Vietnam 16.4%, France 7.9%, Germany 5.6%, UK 4.9% (2004)

      Imports:
      $579.5 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      machinery and equipment, vehicles, fuel, consumer goods

      Imports - partners:
      Thailand 60.5%, China 9.2%, Vietnam 8.7% (2004)

      Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
      $193.1 million (2004 est.)

      Debt - external:
      $2.49 billion (2001)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $243 million (2001 est.)

      Currency (code):
      kip (LAK)

      Exchange rates:
      kips per US dollar - 10,820 (2004), 10,569 (2003), 10,056.3 (2002), 8,954.6 (2001), 7,887.6 (2000)

      Fiscal year:
      1 October - 30 September


      NOTE: The information regarding Laos on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Laos Economy 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Laos Economy 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.







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    https://allcountries.org/wfb2005/laos/laos_economy.html

    Revised 16-Feb-06
    Copyright © 2005 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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