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    Fiji Index 2005

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    Fiji Geography - 2005

      Oceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

      Geographic coordinates:
      18 00 S, 175 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 18,270 sq km
      land: 18,270 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than New Jersey

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      1,129 km

      Maritime claims:
      measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; rectilinear shelf claim added

      tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation

      mostly mountains of volcanic origin

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Tomanivi 1,324 m

      Natural resources:
      timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 10.95%
      permanent crops: 4.65%
      other: 84.4% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      30 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      cyclonic storms can occur from November to January

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation; soil erosion

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      includes 332 islands of which approximately 110 are inhabited

      NOTE: The information regarding Fiji on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Fiji Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Fiji Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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