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    Croatia Index 2005

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    Croatia Geography - 2005

      Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia

      Geographic coordinates:
      45 10 N, 15 30 E

      Map references:

      total: 56,542 sq km
      land: 56,414 sq km
      water: 128 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than West Virginia

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,197 km
      border countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina 932 km, Hungary 329 km, Serbia and Montenegro (north) 241 km, Serbia and Montenegro (south) 25 km, Slovenia 670 km

      5,835 km (mainland 1,777 km, islands 4,058 km)

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

      Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast

      geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
      highest point: Dinara 1,830 m

      Natural resources:
      oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 26.09%
      permanent crops: 2.27%
      other: 71.65% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      30 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      destructive earthquakes

      Environment - current issues:
      air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; landmine removal and reconstruction of infrastructure consequent to 1992-95 civil strife

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note:
      controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits

      NOTE: The information regarding Croatia on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Croatia Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Croatia Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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