2005 INDEXCountry Ranks
China Index 2005
China Main Index
China Introduction - 2005
SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK
For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communists under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people. After 1978, his successor DENG Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development and by 2000 output had quadrupled. For much of the population, living standards have improved dramatically and the room for personal choice has expanded, yet political controls remain tight.
NOTE: The information regarding China on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of China Introduction 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about China Introduction 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.