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    Chile Index 2005

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    Chile Geography - 2005
    https://allcountries.org/wfb2005/chile/chile_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2005 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location:
      Southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru

      Geographic coordinates:
      30 00 S, 71 00 W

      Map references:
      South America

      Area:
      total: 756,950 sq km
      land: 748,800 sq km
      water: 8,150 sq km
      note: includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua) and Isla Sala y Gomez

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana

      Land boundaries:
      total: 6,171 km
      border countries: Argentina 5,150 km, Bolivia 861 km, Peru 160 km

      Coastline:
      6,435 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      continental shelf: 200/350 nm

      Climate:
      temperate; desert in north; Mediterranean in central region; cool and damp in south

      Terrain:
      low coastal mountains; fertile central valley; rugged Andes in east

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Nevado Ojos del Salado 6,880 m

      Natural resources:
      copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 2.65%
      permanent crops: 0.42%
      other: 96.93% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      18,000 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      severe earthquakes; active volcanism; tsunamis

      Environment - current issues:
      widespread deforestation and mining threaten natural resources; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      strategic location relative to sea lanes between Atlantic and Pacific Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); Atacama Desert is one of world's driest regions


      NOTE: The information regarding Chile on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Chile Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Chile Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.







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    https://allcountries.org/wfb2005/chile/chile_geography.html

    Revised 16-Feb-06
    Copyright © 2005 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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