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    Austria Index 2005

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    Austria Geography - 2005

      Central Europe, north of Italy and Slovenia

      Geographic coordinates:
      47 20 N, 13 20 E

      Map references:

      total: 83,870 sq km
      land: 82,444 sq km
      water: 1,426 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Maine

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,562 km
      border countries: Czech Republic 362 km, Germany 784 km, Hungary 366 km, Italy 430 km, Liechtenstein 35 km, Slovakia 91 km, Slovenia 330 km, Switzerland 164 km

      0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims:
      none (landlocked)

      temperate; continental, cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain and some snow in lowlands and snow in mountains; moderate summers with occasional showers

      in the west and south mostly mountains (Alps); along the eastern and northern margins mostly flat or gently sloping

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Neusiedler See 115 m
      highest point: Grossglockner 3,798 m

      Natural resources:
      oil, coal, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 16.91%
      permanent crops: 0.86%
      other: 82.23% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      457 sq km (2000 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      landslides; avalanches; earthquakes

      Environment - current issues:
      some forest degradation caused by air and soil pollution; soil pollution results from the use of agricultural chemicals; air pollution results from emissions by coal- and oil-fired power stations and industrial plants and from trucks transiting Austria between northern and southern Europe

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      landlocked; strategic location at the crossroads of central Europe with many easily traversable Alpine passes and valleys; major river is the Danube; population is concentrated on eastern lowlands because of steep slopes, poor soils, and low temperatures elsewhere

      NOTE: The information regarding Austria on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Austria Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Austria Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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