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    Afghanistan Index 2005

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    Afghanistan Geography - 2005

      Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran

      Geographic coordinates:
      33 00 N, 65 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 647,500 sq km
      land: 647,500 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,529 km
      border countries: China 76 km, Iran 936 km, Pakistan 2,430 km, Tajikistan 1,206 km, Turkmenistan 744 km, Uzbekistan 137 km

      0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims:
      none (landlocked)

      arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers

      mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Amu Darya 258 m
      highest point: Nowshak 7,485 m

      Natural resources:
      natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones

      Land use:
      arable land: 12.13%
      permanent crops: 0.22%
      other: 87.65% (2001)

      Irrigated land:
      23,860 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      damaging earthquakes occur in Hindu Kush mountains; flooding; droughts

      Environment - current issues:
      limited natural fresh water resources; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil degradation; overgrazing; deforestation (much of the remaining forests are being cut down for fuel and building materials); desertification; air and water pollution

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping
      signed, but not ratified: Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note:
      landlocked; the Hindu Kush mountains that run northeast to southwest divide the northern provinces from the rest of the country; the highest peaks are in the northern Vakhan (Wakhan Corridor)

      NOTE: The information regarding Afghanistan on this page is re-published from the 2005 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Afghanistan Geography 2005 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Afghanistan Geography 2005 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 16-Feb-06
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