HEALTH TOPICS A TO Z





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The top 10 causes of death

The 10 leading causes of death by broad income group* (2002)

High-income countries Deaths in millions % of deaths
 
Coronary heart disease 1.34 17.1
Stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases 0.77 9.8
Trachea, bronchus, lung cancers 0.46 5.8
Lower respiratory infections 0.34 4.3
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 0.3 3.9
Colon and rectum cancers 0.26 3.3
Alzheimer and other dementias 0.22 2.7
Diabetes mellitus 0.22 2.7
Breast cancer 0.15 1.9
Stomach cancer 0.14 1.8
 
Middle-income countries Deaths in millions % of deaths
 
Stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases 3.02 14.6
Coronary heart disease 2.77 13.4
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 1.57 7.6
Lower respiratory infection 0.69 3.3
HIV/AIDS 0.62 3
Perinatal conditions 0.6 2.9
Stomach cancer 0.58 2.8
Trachea, bronchus and lung cancer 0.57 2.7
Road traffic accidents 0.55 2.6
Hypertensive heart disease 0.54 2.6
 
Low-income countries Deaths in millions % of deaths
 
Coronary heart disease 3.1 10.8
Lower respiratory infections 2.86 10
HIV/AIDS 2.14 7.5
Perinatal conditions 1.83 6.4
Stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases 1.72 6
Diarrhoeal diseases 1.54 5.4
Malaria 1.24 4.4
Tuberculosis 1.1 3.8
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 0.88 3.1
Road traffic accidents 0.53 1.9

* Income groupings are according to World Bank classifications.


Sources: US Department of Health; The World Health Organization


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