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32. 1997 Economic Census





904. Gross Product, Employment, and Capital Expenditures of Nonbank U.S. MNC,s, U.S. Parents, and Foreign Affiliates

[Gross product and capital expenditures in millions of dollars; employees in thousands] MNC=Multinational company. MOFA=Majority-owned foreign affiliate]

 
Percent change at annual rates
Item 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1 1997 1998 1999 2000
1982-94 1982-89 1989-94 1994-95 1995-96 1996-97
 
GROSS PRODUCT
 
MNCs worldwide:
  Parents and all affiliates (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
  Parents and MOFAs 2 1,019,734 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,364,878 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,717,488 1,831,046 1,978,948 2,094,318 2,119,380 4.4 4.3 4.7 6.6 8.1 5.6
Parents 796,017 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,044,884 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,313,792 1,365,470 1,480,638 1,573,451 1,608,645 4.2 4.0 4.7 3.9 8.4 6.1
Affiliates, total (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
  MOFAs 223,717 216,683 220,331 220,074 231,644 269,734 297,556 319,994 356,033 355,963 361,524 359,179 403,696 465,576 498,310 520,867 510,735 5.0 5.3 4.8 15.3 7.0 4.2
  Other (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
 
EMPLOYEES
 
MNCs worldwide:
  Parents and all affiliates 25,345 24,783 24,548 24,532 24,082 24,255 24,141 25,388 25,264 24,837 24,190 24,222 25,670 25,921 26,334 27,851 28,456 0.1 (Z) 0.2 1.0 1.6 5.9
  Parents and MOFAs 2 23,727 23,253 22,973 22,923 22,543 22,650 22,498 23,879 23,786 23,345 22,812 22,760 24,273 24,500 24,867 26,358 26,968 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.9 1.5 6.1
Parents 18,705 18,400 18,131 18,113 17,832 17,986 17,738 18,765 18,430 17,959 17,530 17,537 18,565 18,576 18,790 19,878 20,068 -0.1 (Z) -0.2 0.1 1.2 5.7
Affiliates, total 6,640 6,383 6,418 6,419 6,250 6,270 6,404 6,622 6,834 6,878 6,660 6,685 7,105 7,345 7,544 7,973 8,388 0.6 (Z) 1.4 3.4 2.7 6.3
  MOFAs 5,022 4,854 4,842 4,810 4,711 4,664 4,761 5,114 5,356 5,387 5,282 5,223 5,707 5,924 6,077 6,480 6,900 1.1 0.3 2.2 3.8 2.6 7.4
  Other 1,618 1,530 1,576 1,609 1,539 1,605 1,643 1,508 1,478 1,492 1,378 1,461 1,398 1,421 1,467 1,493 1,488 -1.2 -1.0 -1.5 1.7 3.2 1.8
 
CAPITAL EXPENDITURES
 
MNCs worldwide:
  Parents and all affiliates 248,262 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 276,790 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 328,240 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1.4 3.7 (NA) (NA) (NA)
  Parents and MOFAs 2 233,078 197,534 203,791 221,509 203,809 199,171 223,814 260,488 274,614 269,221 272,049 271,661 303,364 323,616 340,510 398,037 419,620 2.2 1.3 3.5 6.7 5.2 13.7
Parents 188,266 160,656 168,692 185,027 169,131 162,139 177,203 201,808 213,079 206,290 208,834 207,437 231,917 248,017 260,048 309,247 323,181 1.7 0.8 3.1 6.9 4.9 14.9
Affiliates, total 59,996 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 74,982 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 96,323 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 3.2 5.1 (NA) (NA) (NA)
  MOFAs 44,812 36,878 35,099 36,482 34,678 37,032 46,611 58,680 61,535 62,931 63,215 64,224 71,447 75,599 80,462 88,790 96,439 3.9 3.5 4.6 5.8 6.4 9.7
  Other 15,184 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 16,302 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 24,876 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 2.4 6.7 (NA) (NA) (NA)


NA Not available. (Z) Less than 0.05.
1 Break-in-series. See source, appendix for details.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, October 1997, September 1998, and July 1999 issues.

http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/ai1.htm U.S. MNCs

U.S. multinational company. The U.S. parent and its foreign affiliates.

U.S. parent. A person, resident in the United States, who owns or controls 10 percentor more ofthevotingsecurities,or the equivalent, of a foreign business enterprise. Person is broadly defined to include any individual, branch, partnership, associated group, association, estate, trust, corporation or other organization (whether organized or not under the laws of any State), or any government entity. If incorporated, the U.S. parent is the fully consolidated

U.S. enterprise consisting of (1) the U.S. corporation whose voting securities are not owned more than 50 percent by another U.S. corporation and (2) proceeding down each ownership chain from that U.S. corporation, any U.S. corporation (including Foreign Sales Corporations located within the United States) whose voting securities are more than 50 percent owned by the U.S. corporation above it. A U.S. parent comprises the domestic operations of a U.S. MNC, covering operations in the 50 States, the District of Colombia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and all other U.S. areas. U.S. direct investment abroad (USDIA). The ownership or control, directly or indirectly, by one U.S. resident of 10 percent or more of the voting securities of an incorporated foreign business enterprise or the equivalent interest in an unincorporated business enterprise.

Foreign affiliate. A foreign business enterprise in which there is U.S. direct investment, that is, in which a U.S. person owns or controls (directly or indirectly) 10 percent or more of the voting securities or the equivalent. Foreign affiliates comprise the foreign operations of a U.S. MNC over which the parent is presumed to have a degree of managerial influence.

Majority-owned foreign affiliate (MOFA).Aforeignaffiliate in which the combined ownership of all U.S. parents exceeds 50 percent. MOFAs comprise the foreign operations of a U.S. MNC that are controlled by the parent or parents.

Operations of U.S. MNCs

Gross product. The contribution to host-country gross domestic product, which is the goods and services produced by labor and property located in that country. Gross product, often referred to as value added, can be measured as gross output (sales or receipts and other operating income plus inventory change) minus intermediate inputs (purchased goods and services). Alternatively, it can be measured as the sum of the costs incurred (except for intermediate inputs) and the profits earned in production. The gross product estimates presented here were prepared by summing cost and profit data collected in the annual and benchmark surveys of USDIA.For the derivation of the current-dollar estimates of gross product, see Raymond J. Mataloni, Jr., and Lee Goldberg, Gross Product of U.S. Multinational Companies, 197791, SURVEY 74 (February 1994): 57. Profit-type return. Profits from the production of goods and services in the current period. It is measured before income taxes, and it excludes nonoperating items (such as special charges and capital gains and losses) and income from equity investments.

Capital expenditures. Expenditures made to acquire, add to, or improve property, plant, and equipment (PP&E). PP&E includes land, timber, mineral and like-rights owned, structures, machinery, equipment, special tools, and other depreciable property; construction in progress; and tangible and intangible exploration and development costs. Changes in PP&E due to changes in entitysuch as mergers, acquisitions, and divestituresor to changes in accounting principles are excluded. Capital expenditures are measured on a gross basis; sales and other dispositions of fixed assets are not netted against them.

Employment. The number of full-time and part-time employees on the payroll at yearend. If a parent or affiliates employment was unusually high or low because of temporary factors (for example, a strike) or large seasonal variations, the number that reflected normal operations or an average for the year was requested.

Origin of output. In this article, this term refers to the decomposition of a firms output (sales plus inventory change) into the output that originates within the firm and the output that originates elsewhere and that is incorporated in the intermediate inputs purchased by the firm. The intermediate inputs can also be decomposed into those that are purchased locally and those that are purchased from abroad. *



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/904_gross_product_employment_and_capital_expenditures.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.