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867. Establishments, Employees, and Payroll, by Industry

[5,701 represents 5,701,000. Beginning 1990, data are based on the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). Prior to 1990, data are based on the 1972 SIC].

 
Establishments (1,000) Establishments (1,000) Establishments (1,000) Employees (1,000) Employees (1,000) Employees (1,000) Annual payroll ($bil) Annual payroll ($bil) Annual payroll ($bil)
Industry
1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997
 
     All industries 1 5,701 5,807 5,937 6,019 6,107 6,176 6,201 6,318 6,403 6,509 6,613 6,739 6,895 81,111 83,379 85,484 87,882 91,631 93,476 92,302 92,801 94,789 96,733 100,335 102,199 105,299 1,513 1,608 1,724 1,860 1,990 2,104 2,145 2,272 2,363 2,488 2,666 2,849 3,048
 
Agricultural services 2 64 68 76 74 79 85 91 97 100 104 108 113 117 380 412 438 462 489 531 544 594 588 586 630 664 727 5 6 6 7 8 9 9 10 10 11 12 13 15
Mining 37 35 33 31 30 30 30 29 29 28 27 27 27 943 847 725 735 711 723 717 651 608 608 627 574 586 28 24 23 25 25 27 26 26 25 25 26 26 28
Construction 476 492 558 534 547 578 578 589 598 621 634 658 667 4,480 4,651 4,884 4,939 5,036 5,239 4,671 4,500 4,524 4,709 5,039 5,207 5,513 98 104 113 122 127 132 123 122 125 137 147 161 176
Manufacturing 358 355 371 363 363 378 374 387 387 387 390 393 393 19,429 19,139 19,003 19,262 19,492 19,173 18,383 18,162 18,183 18,098 18,613 18,558 18,633 458 468 484 514 533 544 545 563 576 598 631 660 689
Transportation 3 203 210 228 221 228 235 245 259 267 276 285 295 301 4,809 4,893 5,107 5,270 5,418 5,592 5,584 5,517 5,622 5,714 5,924 6,057 6,247 123 128 138 147 154 166 169 175 182 191 201 212 226
Wholesale trade 438 440 466 462 460 476 478 492 509 512 518 531 530 5,624 5,725 5,820 5,981 6,153 6,328 6,219 6,094 6,258 6,366 6,606 6,665 6,810 130 138 146 160 170 181 183 191 201 210 227 240 256
Retail trade 1,407 1,441 1,516 1,473 1,495 1,530 1,547 1,564 1,552 1,564 1,568 1,579 1,589 16,851 17,550 18,417 18,802 19,335 19,815 19,600 19,672 19,777 20,320 21,085 21,487 22,003 178 192 205 216 229 242 247 259 265 282 300 318 330
Finance and insurance 4 488 504 536 518 529 545 577 597 609 617 628 650 677 6,005 6,372 6,727 6,660 6,802 6,956 6,860 6,906 6,905 7,002 6,998 7,194 7,367 132 150 170 177 184 197 200 221 232 239 256 285 313
Services 1,712 1,811 1,980 1,938 1,977 2,059 2,142 2,218 2,289 2,342 2,386 2,461 2,544 21,549 22,878 24,140 25,143 27,339 28,800 29,575 30,654 32,259 33,253 34,707 35,750 37,380 346 381 433 478 544 599 639 704 746 794 864 933 1,014



1 Includes nonclassifiable establishments not shown separately.
2 Includes forestry and fisheries.
3 Includes other public utilities.
4 Includes real estate.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, County Business Patterns, annual.

http://www.census.gov/epcd/cbp/view/cbpview.html

COUNTY BUSINESS PATTERNS

INTRODUCTION

County Business Patterns is an annual series that provides subnational economic data by industry. The series is useful for studying the economic activity of small areas; analyzing economic changes over time; and as a benchmark for statistical series, surveys, and databases between economic censuses. The series serves various business uses such as analyzing market potential, measuring the effectiveness of sales and advertising programs, setting sales quotas, and developing budgets. The data are also used by government agencies for administration and planning.

Most of the Nation's economic activity is covered in this series. Data are excluded for self-employed persons, domestic service workers, railroad employees, agricultural production workers, most government employees, and employees on ocean-borne vessels or in foreign countries. Data are provided by industry in the following economic divisions: agricultural services, forestry, and fishing; mining; construction; manufacturing; transportation and public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Data are tabulated by industry as defined in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual: 1987.

This series has been published annually since 1964 and at irregular intervals dating back to 1946. The comparability of data over time may be affected by definitional changes in establishments, activity status, and industrial classifications. For more details on these changes, see the section "Comparability With Other Data."

SOURCES OF DATA

County Business Patterns basic data items are extracted from the Business Register, a file of all known single and multiestablishment companies maintained and updated by the Bureau of the Census. The annual Company Organization Survey provides individual establishment data for multiestablishment companies. Data for single-establishment companies are obtained from various Census Bureau programs, such as the Annual Survey of Manufactures and Current Business Surveys, as well as from administrative records of the Internal Revenue Service and the Social Security Administration. * DEFINITIONS OF BASIC DATA ITEMS

Establishments

An establishment is a single physical location at which business is conducted or services or industrial operations are performed. It is not necessarily identical with a company or enterprise, which may consist of one or more establishments. When two or more activities are carried on at a single location under a single ownership, all activities generally are grouped together as a single establishment. The entire establishment is classified on the basis of its major activity and all data are included in that classification.

Administrative and auxiliary establishments primarily manage, administer, service, or support the activities of other establishments of the same company rather than the establishments of other companies or the general public. Data for these establishments are shown separately by industry division.

Establishment-size designations are determined by paid employment in the mid-March pay period. The size group "1 to 4" includes establishments that did not report any paid employees in the mid-March pay period but paid wages to at least one employee at some time during the year.

Establishment counts represent the number of locations with paid employees any time during the year. This series excludes governmental establishments except for liquor stores (SIC 592), wholesale liquor establishments (SIC 518), depository institutions (SIC 60), federal and federally-sponsored credit agencies (SIC 611), and hospitals (SIC 806).

Payroll

Total payroll includes all forms of compensation, such as salaries, wages, reported tips, commissions, bonuses, vacation allowances, sick-leave pay, employee contributions to qualified pension plans, and the value of taxable fringe benefits. For corporations, it includes amounts paid to officers and executives; for unincorporated businesses, it does not include profit or other compensation of proprietors or partners. Payroll is reported before deductions for Social Security, income tax, insurance, union dues, etc. First-quarter payroll consists of payroll during the January-to-March quarter.

Mid-March Employment

Paid employment consists of full- and part-time employees, including salaried officers and executives of corporations, who are on the payroll in the pay period including March 12. Included are employees on paid sick leave, holidays, and vacations; not included are proprietors and partners of unincorporated businesses.

INDUSTRY AND GEOGRAPHY CLASSIFICATIONS

The quinquennial economic censuses are the primary source for industry and geography classifications. The annual Company Organization Survey, Annual Survey of Manufactures, Current Business Surveys, and other Census Bureau programs provide regular updates.

Industry Classification

Additional sources for assigning industry classifications are the Social Security Administration, the Internal Revenue Service, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. These sources provide industry classification information for new businesses and businesses not canvassed in the Census Bureau programs. Establishments without sufficient industry information are tabulated in the "unclassified establishments" group.

In a few instances, the most detailed industry classifications for which data are shown represent a combination of more detailed SIC industries. The data for these establishments are included in the tabulations at a broader industry level. For this reason, the sum of industry components published in this series may not equal the total shown.

The industry titles used throughout this series are the short SIC titles; complete descriptions are contained in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual: 1987.

Geography Classification

Most geography codes are derived from the physical location address reported in Census Bureau programs. The Internal Revenue Service provides supplemental address information. Those employers without a fixed location within a state (or of unknown county location) are included under a "statewide" classification at the end of the county tables. This incomplete detail causes only slight understatement of county employment. The independent cities in Virginia, and the cities of Baltimore, MD; Carson City, NV; and St. Louis, MO, are treated as separate counties.

COMPARABILITY WITH OTHER DATA

Earlier County Business Patterns

The comparability of data with previous County Business Patterns series may be affected by the following definitional changes:

* the change from a "reporting unit" concept to establishment based data in 1974 * the change in definition of "active" establishments in 1983 * the change in industrial classification definitions, the most recent occurring in 1988

1992 Economic Census

In comparing the employment and payroll shown in this series with economic censuses data, the user should bear in mind that definitional and coverage differences may affect the direct comparison of data items. The definitions are detailed in the introductory texts of the appropriate publications.

The economic census present data reported for individual establishments; whereas, County Business Patterns are based primarily on administrative records and data reported from current surveys. While every effort is made to resolve significant differences for the same establishment, differences are known to exist.

DATA WITHHELD FROM PUBLICATION

In accordance with U.S. Code, Title 13, Section 9, no data are published that would disclose the operations of an individual employer. However, the number of establishments in an industry classification and the distribution of these establishments by employment-size class are not considered to be disclosures, and so this information may be released even though other information is withheld from publications.

RELIABILITY OF DATA

All data are tabulated from universe files and are not subject to sampling errors. However, the data are subject to nonsampling errors. Nonsampling errors can be attributed to many sources: inability to identify all cases in the universe; definition and classification difficulties; differences in interpretation of questions; errors in recording or coding the data obtained; and estimation of employers who reported too late to be included in the tabulations and for records with missing or misreported data.

The accuracy of the data is determined by the joint effects of the various nonsampling errors. No direct measurement of these effects has been obtained; however, precautionary steps were taken in all phases of collection, processing, and tabulation to minimize the effects of nonsampling errors.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/867_establishments_employees_and_payroll_by_industry.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.