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760. Families Below Poverty Level and Below 125 Percent of Poverty Level by Race and Hispanic Origin

[Families as of March of the following year. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, Sections 1 and 14, Appendix III, and summary below]

 
Below 125
Number of families Number below poverty level Percent below poverty level Percent below poverty level percent of
Year (1,000) (1,000) poverty level
White, White, White,
All His- not All His- not All His- not Number
races1 White Black panic2 Hispanic races1 White Black panic2 Hispanic races1 White Black panic2 Hispanic (1,000) Percent
 
1959 45,054 40,820 (NA) (NA) (NA) 8,320 6,185 1,860 (NA) (NA) 18.5 15.2 48.1 (NA) (NA) 11,790 26.2
1960 45,435 41,104 (NA) (NA) (NA) 8,243 6,115 (NA) (NA) (NA) 18.1 14.9 (NA) (NA) (NA) 11,525 25.4
1961 46,341 41,888 (NA) (NA) (NA) 8,391 6,205 (NA) (NA) (NA) 18.1 14.8 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
1962 46,998 42,437 (NA) (NA) (NA) 8,077 5,887 (NA) (NA) (NA) 17.2 13.9 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
1963 47,436 42,663 (NA) (NA) (NA) 7,554 5,466 (NA) (NA) (NA) 15.9 12.8 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
1964 47,836 43,081 (NA) (NA) (NA) 7,160 5,258 (NA) (NA) (NA) 15.0 12.2 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
1965 48,278 43,496 (NA) (NA) (NA) 6,721 4,824 (NA) (NA) (NA) 13.9 11.1 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
1966 48,921 44,016 (NA) (NA) (NA) 5,784 4,106 (NA) (NA) (NA) 11.8 9.3 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
1967 49,835 44,813 4,589 (NA) (NA) 5,667 4,056 1,555 (NA) (NA) 11.4 9.1 33.9 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
1968 50,511 45,437 4,646 (NA) (NA) 5,047 3,616 1,366 (NA) (NA) 10.0 8.0 29.4 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
1969 51,586 46,261 4,887 (NA) (NA) 5,008 3,574 1,365 (NA) (NA) 9.7 7.7 27.9 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
1970 52,227 46,601 5,027 (NA) (NA) 5,260 3,708 1,481 (NA) (NA) 10.1 8.0 29.5 (NA) (NA) 7,516 14.4
1971 53,296 47,641 5,157 (NA) (NA) 5,303 3,751 1,484 (NA) (NA) 10.0 7.9 28.8 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
1972 54,373 48,477 5,265 2,312 (NA) 5,075 3,441 1,529 477 (NA) 9.3 7.1 29.0 20.6 (NA) 7,347 13.5
1973 55,053 48,919 5,440 2,365 (NA) 4,828 3,219 1,527 468 (NA) 8.8 6.6 28.1 19.8 (NA) 7,044 12.8
1974 55,698 49,440 5,491 2,475 46,918 4,922 3,352 1,479 526 2,771 8.8 6.8 26.9 21.2 5.9 7,195 12.9
1975 56,245 49,873 5,586 2,499 47,328 5,450 3,838 1,513 627 3,182 9.7 7.7 27.1 25.1 6.7 7,974 14.2
1976 56,710 50,083 5,804 2,583 47,399 5,311 3,560 1,617 598 2,916 9.4 7.1 27.9 23.1 6.2 7,647 13.5
1977 57,215 50,530 5,806 2,764 47,661 5,311 3,540 1,637 591 2,889 9.3 7.0 28.2 21.4 6.1 7,713 13.5
1978 57,804 50,910 5,906 2,741 48,032 5,280 3,523 1,622 559 2,908 9.1 6.9 27.5 20.4 6.1 7,417 12.8
1979 3 59,550 52,243 6,184 3,029 49,309 5,461 3,581 1,722 614 2,989 9.2 6.9 27.8 20.3 6.1 7,784 13.1
1980 60,309 52,710 6,317 3,235 49,584 6,217 4,195 1,826 751 3,470 10.3 8.0 28.9 23.2 7.0 8,764 14.5
1981 61,019 53,269 6,413 3,305 50,066 6,851 4,670 1,972 792 3,907 11.2 8.8 30.8 24.0 7.8 9,568 15.7
1982 61,393 53,407 6,530 3,369 50,123 7,512 5,118 2,158 916 4,237 12.2 9.6 33.0 27.2 8.5 10,279 16.7
1983 4 62,015 53,890 6,681 3,788 50,208 7,647 5,220 2,161 981 4,286 12.3 9.7 32.3 25.9 8.5 10,358 16.7
1984 62,706 54,400 6,778 3,939 50,563 7,277 4,925 2,094 991 3,972 11.6 9.1 30.9 25.2 7.9 9,901 15.8
1985 63,558 54,991 6,921 4,206 50,912 7,223 4,983 1,983 1,074 3,948 11.4 9.1 28.7 25.5 7.8 9,753 15.3
1986 64,491 55,676 7,096 4,403 51,426 7,023 4,811 1,987 1,085 3,768 10.9 8.6 28.0 24.7 7.3 9,476 14.7
1987 5 65,204 56,086 7,202 4,576 51,702 7,005 4,567 2,117 1,168 3,466 10.7 8.1 29.4 25.5 6.7 9,338 14.3
1988 65,837 56,492 7,409 4,823 51,850 6,874 4,471 2,089 1,141 3,373 10.4 7.9 28.2 23.7 6.5 9,284 14.1
1989 66,090 56,590 7,470 4,840 51,995 6,784 4,409 2,077 1,133 3,325 10.3 7.8 27.8 23.4 6.4 9,267 14.0
1990 66,322 56,803 7,471 4,981 52,038 7,098 4,622 2,193 1,244 3,442 10.7 8.1 29.3 25.0 6.6 9,564 14.4
1991 67,175 57,225 7,716 5,177 52,288 7,712 5,022 2,343 1,372 3,719 11.5 8.8 30.4 26.5 7.1 10,244 15.3
1992 6 68,216 57,669 7,982 5,733 52,302 8,144 5,255 2,484 1,529 3,840 11.9 9.1 31.1 26.7 7.3 10,959 16.1
1993 68,506 57,881 7,993 5,946 52,470 8,393 5,452 2,499 1,625 3,988 12.3 9.4 31.3 27.3 7.6 11,203 16.4
1994 69,313 58,444 8,093 6,202 53,029 8,053 5,312 2,212 1,724 3,833 11.6 9.1 27.3 27.8 7.2 10,771 15.5
1995 69,597 58,872 8,055 6,287 52,861 7,532 4,994 2,127 1,695 3,384 10.8 8.5 26.4 27.0 6.4 10,223 14.7
1996 70,241 58,934 8,455 6,631 52,625 7,708 5,059 2,206 1,748 3,433 11.0 8.6 26.1 26.4 6.5 10,476 14.9
1997 70,884 59,515 8,408 6,961 52,875 7,324 4,990 1,985 1,721 3,357 10.3 8.4 23.6 24.7 6.3 10,032 14.2
1998 71,551 60,077 8,452 7,273 53,107 7,186 4,829 1,981 1,648 3,264 10.0 8.0 23.4 22.7 6.1 9,714 13.6
1999 72,031 60,256 8,664 7,561 53,071 6,676 4,377 1,898 1,525 2,942 9.3 7.3 21.9 20.2 5.5 _________ _________


NA Not available.
1 Includes other races not shown separately.
2 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
3 Population controls based on 1980 census; see text, section 14.
4 Beginning 1983, data based on revised Hispanic population controls and not directly comparable with prior years.
5 Beginning 1987, data based on revised processing procedures and not comparable with prior years.
6 Beginning 1992, based on 1990 population controls.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Poverty in the United States: 1999, series P60-210.

http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty.html

* CURRENT POPULATION SURVEY (MARCH ANNUAL DEMOGRAPHIC SURVEY)

Approximately 62,500 housing units were eligible to receive the 1995 Annual Demographic Survey. The basic monthly CPS sample of 60,000 housing units was supplemented by 2,500 housing units which had at least one Hispanic member the previous November. In addition, members of the Armed Forces, which are excluded from the basic CPS labor force survey, were part of the elibigle population in March. Because of the CPS sample rotation system, approximately one-half of the sample had been interviewed the previous March.

Interviewers used lap-top computers to administer the interview, asking questions as they appear on the screen and directly entering the responses obtained. With the exception of first and the fifth month-in-sample interviews, when an interviewer usually visited the sample unit, over 90 percent of the interviews were conducted by telephone.

Completed interviews were electronically transmitted to a central processor where the responses were edited for consistency, imputations were made for missing data, and various codes were added. Based on the probability of selection, a weight was added to each supplement-responding household and person record so that estimates of the population by state, race, age, sex, and Hispanic origin matched the population projections made by the Bureau of the Census. Since not every person who provided labor force information completed the supplement and the supplement was asked of members of the Armed Forces, the supplement weights vary from those used for labor force estimation.

* DEFINITIONS

Poverty definition

Poverty statistics presented in this report are based on a definition developed by Mollie Orshansky of the Social Security Administration (SSA) in 1964 and revised in 1969 and 1981 by interagency committees. This definition was established as the official definition of poverty for statistical use in all Executive departments by the Bureau of the Budget (BoB) in 1969 (IN CIRCULAR NO. A-46); after BoB became Office of Management and Budget, this was reconfirmed in Statistical Policy Directive No. 14.

The original poverty index provided a range of income cutoffs or thresholds adjusted by such factors as family size, sex of the family head, number of children under 18 years old, and farm- nonfarm residence. At the core of this definition of poverty was the economy food plan, the least costly of four nutritionally adequate food plans designed by the Department of Agriculture. It was determined from the Department of Agriculture's 1955 Household Food Consumption Survey that families of three or more persons spent approximately one-third of their after-tax money income on food; accordingly, poverty thresholds for families of three or more persons were set at three times the cost of the economy food plan. Different procedures were used to calculate poverty thresholds for two-person families and persons living alone in order to compensate for the relatively larger fixed expenses of these smaller units. For two-person families, the cost of the economy food plan was multiplied by a factor of 3.7 (also derived from the 1955 survey). For unrelated individuals (one-person units), no multiplier was used; poverty thresholds were instead calculated as a fixed proportion of the corresponding thresholds for two-person units. Annual updates of these SSA poverty thresholds were based on price changes of the items in the economy food plan.

As a result of deliberations of a Federal interagency committee in 1969, the following two modifications to the original SSA definition of poverty were adopted: (1) the SSA thresholds for nonfarm families were retained for the base year 1963, but annual adjustments in the levels were based on changes in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) rather than on changes in the cost of foods in the economy food plan; and (2) the farm thresholds were raised from 70 to 85 percent of the corresponding nonfarm levels. The combined impact of these two modifications resulted in an increase in the tabulated totals for 1967 of 360,000 poor families and 1.6 million poor persons.

In 1981 three additional modifications in the poverty definition recommended by another interagency committee were adopted for implementation in the March 1982 CPS as well as the 1980 census: (1) elimination of separate thresholds for farm families, (2) elimination (by averaging) of separate thresholds for female- householder families and "all other" families (earlier termed "male-headed" families) and (3) extension of the detailed poverty threshold matrix to make the largest family size category "nine persons or more." For further details, see the section, "Changes in the Definition of Poverty," in Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No. 133.

The poverty thresholds are increased each year by the same percentage as the annual average Consumer Price Index.

For further information on how the poverty thresholds were developed and subsequent changes in them, see Gordon M. Fisher, "The Development and History of the Poverty Thresholds," Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 55 No. 4, Winter 1992, pp. 3-14.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/760_families_below_poverty_level_and_below.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.