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754. Persons Below Poverty Level and Below 125 Percent of Poverty Level, by Race and Hispanic Origin

[Persons as of March of the following year. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, Sections 1 and 14, Appendix III, and summary below table]

 
Below 125 Avg income
Number of persons Number below poverty level Percent below poverty level percent of cutoff for
(1,000) (1,000) poverty nonfarm
level family of 4 3
Year YEAR
Asian Asian Asian Percent At 125
White and and White and White of percent
All not Pacific His- All Pacific His- not All Pacific His- not Number total At of
races1 White Hispanic Black Islander panic2 races1 White Black Islander panic2 Hispanic races1 White Black Islander panic2 Hispanic (1,000) popula- poverty poverty
tion level level
 
1959 176,557 156,956 (NA) 18,013 (NA) (NA) 39,490 28,484 9,927 (NA) (NA) (NA) 22.4 18.1 55.1 (NA) (NA) (NA) 54,942 31.1 2,973 3,716 1959
1960 179,503 158,863 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 39,851 28,309 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 22.2 17.8 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 54,560 30.4 3,022 3,778 1960
1961 181,277 160,306 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 39,628 27,890 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 21.9 17.4 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 54,280 30.0 3,054 3,818 1961
1962 184,276 162,842 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 38,625 26,672 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 21.0 16.4 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 53,119 28.8 3,089 3,861 1962
1963 187,258 165,309 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 36,436 25,238 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 19.5 15.3 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 50,778 27.1 3,128 3,910 1963
1964 189,710 167,313 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 36,055 24,957 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 19.0 14.9 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 49,819 26.3 3,169 3,961 1964
1965 191,413 168,732 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 33,185 22,496 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 17.3 13.3 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 46,163 24.1 3,223 4,029 1965
1966 193,388 170,247 (NA) 21,206 (NA) (NA) 28,510 19,290 8,867 (NA) (NA) (NA) 14.7 11.3 41.8 (NA) (NA) (NA) 41,267 21.3 3,317 4,146 1966
1967 195,672 172,038 (NA) 21,590 (NA) (NA) 27,769 18,983 8,486 (NA) (NA) (NA) 14.2 11.0 39.3 (NA) (NA) (NA) 39,206 20.0 3,410 4,263 1967
1968 197,628 173,732 (NA) 21,944 (NA) (NA) 25,389 17,395 7,616 (NA) (NA) (NA) 12.8 10.0 34.7 (NA) (NA) (NA) 35,905 18.2 3,553 4,441 1968
1969 199,517 175,349 (NA) 22,011 (NA) (NA) 24,147 16,659 7,095 (NA) (NA) (NA) 12.1 9.5 32.2 (NA) (NA) (NA) 34,665 17.4 3,743 4,679 1969
1970 202,183 177,376 (NA) 22,515 (NA) (NA) 25,420 17,484 7,548 (NA) (NA) (NA) 12.6 9.9 33.5 (NA) (NA) (NA) 35,624 17.6 3,968 4,960 1970
1971 204,554 179,398 (NA) 22,784 (NA) (NA) 25,559 17,780 7,396 (NA) (NA) (NA) 12.5 9.9 32.5 (NA) (NA) (NA) 36,501 17.8 4,137 5,171 1971
1972 206,004 180,125 (NA) 23,144 (NA) 10,588 24,460 16,203 7,710 (NA) 2,414 (NA) 11.9 9.0 33.3 (NA) 22.8 (NA) 34,653 16.8 4,275 5,344 1972
1973 207,621 181,185 170,488 23,512 (NA) 10,795 22,973 15,142 7,388 (NA) 2,366 12,864 11.1 8.4 31.4 (NA) 21.9 7.5 32,828 15.8 4,540 5,675 1973
1974 209,362 182,376 171,463 23,699 (NA) 11,201 23,370 15,736 7,182 (NA) 2,575 13,217 11.2 8.6 30.3 (NA) 23.0 7.7 33,666 16.1 5,038 6,298 1974
1975 210,864 183,164 172,417 24,089 (NA) 11,117 25,877 17,770 7,545 (NA) 2,991 14,883 12.3 9.7 31.3 (NA) 26.9 8.6 37,182 17.6 5,500 6,875 1975
1976 212,303 184,165 173,235 24,399 (NA) 11,269 24,975 16,713 7,595 (NA) 2,783 14,025 11.8 9.1 31.1 (NA) 24.7 8.1 35,509 16.7 5,815 7,269 1976
1977 213,867 185,254 173,563 24,710 (NA) 12,046 24,720 16,416 7,726 (NA) 2,700 13,802 11.6 8.9 31.3 (NA) 22.4 8.0 35,659 16.7 6,191 7,739 1977
1978 215,656 186,450 174,731 24,956 (NA) 12,079 24,497 16,259 7,625 (NA) 2,607 13,755 11.4 8.7 30.6 (NA) 21.6 7.9 34,155 15.8 6,662 8,328 1978
1979 4 222,903 191,742 178,814 25,944 (NA) 13,371 26,072 17,214 8,050 (NA) 2,921 14,419 11.7 9.0 31.0 (NA) 21.8 8.1 36,616 16.4 7,412 9,265 1979 4
1980 225,027 192,912 179,798 26,408 (NA) 13,600 29,272 19,699 8,579 (NA) 3,491 16,365 13.0 10.2 32.5 (NA) 25.7 9.1 40,658 18.1 8,414 10,518 1980
1981 227,157 194,504 180,909 26,834 (NA) 14,021 31,822 21,553 9,173 (NA) 3,713 17,987 14.0 11.1 34.2 (NA) 26.5 9.9 43,748 19.3 9,287 11,609 1981
1982 229,412 195,919 181,903 27,216 (NA) 14,385 34,398 23,517 9,697 (NA) 4,301 19,362 15.0 12.0 35.6 (NA) 29.9 10.6 46,520 20.3 9,862 12,328 1982
1983 5 231,700 197,496 181,393 27,678 (NA) 16,544 35,303 23,984 9,882 (NA) 4,633 19,538 15.2 12.1 35.7 (NA) 28.0 10.8 47,150 20.3 10,178 12,723 1983 5
1984 233,816 198,941 182,469 28,087 (NA) 16,916 33,700 22,955 9,490 (NA) 4,806 18,300 14.4 11.5 33.8 (NA) 28.4 10.0 45,288 19.4 10,609 13,261 1984
1985 236,594 200,918 183,455 28,485 (NA) 18,075 33,064 22,860 8,926 (NA) 5,236 17,839 14.0 11.4 31.3 (NA) 29.0 9.7 44,166 18.7 10,989 13,736 1985
1986 238,554 202,282 184,119 28,871 (NA) 18,758 32,370 22,183 8,983 (NA) 5,117 17,244 13.6 11.0 31.1 (NA) 27.3 9.4 43,486 18.2 11,203 14,004 1986
1987 6 240,982 203,605 184,936 29,362 6,322 19,395 32,221 21,195 9,520 1,021 5,422 16,029 13.4 10.4 32.4 16.1 28.0 8.7 43,032 17.9 11,611 14,514 1987 6
1988 243,530 205,235 185,961 29,849 6,447 20,064 31,745 20,715 9,356 1,117 5,357 15,565 13.0 10.1 31.3 17.3 26.7 8.4 42,551 17.5 12,092 15,115 1988
1989 245,992 206,853 186,979 30,332 6,673 20,746 31,528 20,785 9,302 939 5,430 15,599 12.8 10.0 30.7 14.1 26.2 8.3 42,653 17.3 12,674 15,843 1989
1990 248,644 208,611 188,129 30,806 7,014 21,405 33,585 22,326 9,837 858 6,006 16,622 13.5 10.7 31.9 12.2 28.1 8.8 44,837 18.0 13,359 16,699 1990
1991 251,192 210,133 189,116 31,313 7,192 22,070 35,708 23,747 10,242 996 6,339 17,741 14.2 11.3 32.7 13.8 28.7 9.4 47,527 18.9 13,924 17,405 1991
1992 7 256,549 213,060 189,001 32,411 7,779 25,646 38,014 25,259 10,827 985 7,592 18,202 14.8 11.9 33.4 12.7 29.6 9.6 50,592 19.7 14,335 17,919 1992 7
1993 259,278 214,899 190,843 32,910 7,434 26,559 39,265 26,226 10,877 1,134 8,126 18,882 15.1 12.2 33.1 15.3 30.6 9.9 51,801 20.0 14,763 18,454 1993
1994 261,616 216,460 192,543 33,353 6,654 27,442 38,059 25,379 10,196 974 8,416 18,110 14.5 11.7 30.6 14.6 30.7 9.4 50,401 19.3 15,141 18,926 1994
1995 263,733 218,028 190,951 33,740 9,644 28,344 36,425 24,423 9,872 1,411 8,574 16,267 13.8 11.2 29.3 14.6 30.3 8.5 48,761 18.5 15,569 19,461 1995
1996 266,218 219,656 191,459 34,110 10,054 29,614 36,529 24,650 9,694 1,454 8,697 16,462 13.7 11.2 28.4 14.5 29.4 8.6 49,310 18.5 16,036 20,045 1996
1997 268,480 221,200 191,859 34,458 10,482 30,637 35,574 24,396 9,116 1,468 8,308 16,491 13.3 11.0 26.5 14.0 27.1 8.6 47,853 17.8 16,400 20,500 1997
1998 271,059 222,837 192,754 34,877 10,873 31,515 34,476 23,454 9,091 1,360 8,070 15,799 12.7 10.5 26.1 12.5 25.6 8.2 46,036 17.0 16,660 (NA) 1998
1999 273,493 224,373 193,334 35,373 10,916 32,669 32,258 21,922 8,360 1,163 7,439 14,875 11.8 9.8 23.6 10.7 22.8 7.7 44,286 16.2 17,029 (NA) 1999
 


NA Not available.
1 Includes other races not shown separately.
2 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
3 Beginning 1981, income cutoffs for nonfarm families are applied to all families, both farm and nonfarm.
4 Population controls based on 1980 census; see text, sections 1 and 14.
5 Beginning 1983, data based on revised Hispanic population controls and not directly comparable with prior years.
6 Beginning 1987, data based on revised processing procedures and not directly comparable with prior years.
7 Beginning 1992, based on 1990 population controls.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Poverty in the United States, P60-210.

http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty.html

* CURRENT POPULATION SURVEY (MARCH ANNUAL DEMOGRAPHIC SURVEY)

Approximately 62,500 housing units were eligible to receive the 1995 Annual Demographic Survey. The basic monthly CPS sample of 60,000 housing units was supplemented by 2,500 housing units which had at least one Hispanic member the previous November. In addition, members of the Armed Forces, which are excluded from the basic CPS labor force survey, were part of the elibigle population in March. Because of the CPS sample rotation system, approximately one-half of the sample had been interviewed the previous March.

Interviewers used lap-top computers to administer the interview, asking questions as they appear on the screen and directly entering the responses obtained. With the exception of first and the fifth month-in-sample interviews, when an interviewer usually visited the sample unit, over 90 percent of the interviews were conducted by telephone.

Completed interviews were electronically transmitted to a central processor where the responses were edited for consistency, imputations were made for missing data, and various codes were added. Based on the probability of selection, a weight was added to each supplement-responding household and person record so that estimates of the population by state, race, age, sex, and Hispanic origin matched the population projections made by the Bureau of the Census. Since not every person who provided labor force information completed the supplement and the supplement was asked of members of the Armed Forces, the supplement weights vary from those used for labor force estimation.

* DEFINITIONS

Poverty definition

Poverty statistics presented in this report are based on a definition developed by Mollie Orshansky of the Social Security Administration (SSA) in 1964 and revised in 1969 and 1981 by interagency committees. This definition was established as the official definition of poverty for statistical use in all Executive departments by the Bureau of the Budget (BoB) in 1969 (IN CIRCULAR NO. A-46); after BoB became Office of Management and Budget, this was reconfirmed in Statistical Policy Directive No. 14.

The original poverty index provided a range of income cutoffs or thresholds adjusted by such factors as family size, sex of the family head, number of children under 18 years old, and farm- nonfarm residence. At the core of this definition of poverty was the economy food plan, the least costly of four nutritionally adequate food plans designed by the Department of Agriculture. It was determined from the Department of Agriculture's 1955 Household Food Consumption Survey that families of three or more persons spent approximately one-third of their after-tax money income on food; accordingly, poverty thresholds for families of three or more persons were set at three times the cost of the economy food plan. Different procedures were used to calculate poverty thresholds for two-person families and persons living alone in order to compensate for the relatively larger fixed expenses of these smaller units. For two-person families, the cost of the economy food plan was multiplied by a factor of 3.7 (also derived from the 1955 survey). For unrelated individuals (one-person units), no multiplier was used; poverty thresholds were instead calculated as a fixed proportion of the corresponding thresholds for two-person units. Annual updates of these SSA poverty thresholds were based on price changes of the items in the economy food plan.

As a result of deliberations of a Federal interagency committee in 1969, the following two modifications to the original SSA definition of poverty were adopted: (1) the SSA thresholds for nonfarm families were retained for the base year 1963, but annual adjustments in the levels were based on changes in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) rather than on changes in the cost of foods in the economy food plan; and (2) the farm thresholds were raised from 70 to 85 percent of the corresponding nonfarm levels. The combined impact of these two modifications resulted in an increase in the tabulated totals for 1967 of 360,000 poor families and 1.6 million poor persons.

In 1981 three additional modifications in the poverty definition recommended by another interagency committee were adopted for implementation in the March 1982 CPS as well as the 1980 census: (1) elimination of separate thresholds for farm families, (2) elimination (by averaging) of separate thresholds for female- householder families and "all other" families (earlier termed "male-headed" families) and (3) extension of the detailed poverty threshold matrix to make the largest family size category "nine persons or more." For further details, see the section, "Changes in the Definition of Poverty," in Current Population Reports, Series P-60, No. 133.

The poverty thresholds are increased each year by the same percentage as the annual average Consumer Price Index.

For further information on how the poverty thresholds were developed and subsequent changes in them, see Gordon M. Fisher, "The Development and History of the Poverty Thresholds," Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 55 No. 4, Winter 1992, pp. 3-14.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/754_persons_below_poverty_level_and_below.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.