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748. Median Income of Families by Type of Family in Current and Constant (1998) Dollars

[Constant dollars based on CPI-U deflator. Families as of March of the following year. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, sections 1 and 14, and Appendix III. For definition of median, see Guide to Tabular Presentation.

 
Number of families (1,000) Median income in current dollars Median income in constant (1998) dollars
     
Married-couple families Female Married-couple families Female Married-couple families Female
Year Male house- Male house- Male house-
All Total Wife Wife not house- holder, All Total Wife Wife not house- holder, All Total Wife Wife not house- holder, Year
families in paid in paid holder, no families in paid in paid holder, no families in paid in paid holder, no
labor labor no wife husband labor labor no wife husband labor labor no wife husband
force force present present force force present present force force present present
 
1947 1. 37,237 32,288 (NA) (NA) 1,234 3,757 3,031 3,109 (NA) (NA) 2,936 2,172 20,415 20,941 (NA) (NA) 19,776 14,630 1947
1948.. 38,624 33,538 (NA) (NA) 1,287 3,713 3,187 3,272 (NA) (NA) 3,295 2,064 19,828 20,356 (NA) (NA) 20,499 12,841 1948
1949 2. 39,303 34,291 (NA) (NA) 1,265 3,637 3,107 3,195 3,857 3,058 2,821 2,103 19,554 20,108 24,274 19,245 17,754 13,235 1949
1950.. 39,929 34,556 (NA) (NA) 1,226 4,040 3,319 3,446 4,003 3,315 3,115 1,922 20,649 21,439 24,904 20,624 19,380 11,957 1950
1951.. 40,578 35,196 8,044 27,152 1,216 4,030 3,709 3,837 4,631 3,634 3,452 2,220 21,363 22,100 26,673 20,931 19,883 12,787 1951
1952 3. 40,832 35,782 9,154 26,628 1,396 3,842 3,890 4,061 4,900 3,812 3,615 2,235 22,016 22,984 27,733 21,575 20,460 12,649 1952
1953.. 41,202 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 4,242 4,371 5,405 4,117 4,113 2,455 23,843 24,568 30,380 23,140 23,118 13,799 1953
1954.. 41,951 36,395 9,005 27,390 1,314 4,225 4,167 4,333 5,336 4,051 4,014 2,294 23,261 24,188 29,787 22,613 22,407 12,806 1954
1955.. 42,889 37,200 9,786 27,414 1,404 4,239 4,418 4,599 5,622 4,326 4,190 2,471 24,747 25,761 31,491 24,232 23,470 13,841 1955
1956.. 43,497 37,849 10,266 27,583 1,230 4,366 4,780 4,973 5,957 4,645 4,167 2,754 26,322 27,385 32,804 25,579 22,947 15,166 1956
1957.. 43,696 38,112 10,696 27,416 1,292 4,310 4,966 5,157 6,141 4,833 4,581 2,763 26,540 27,560 32,819 25,829 24,482 14,766 1957
1958.. 44,232 38,585 11,014 27,571 1,285 4,332 5,087 5,315 6,214 4,983 4,260 2,741 26,407 27,591 32,257 25,867 22,114 14,229 1958
1959.. 45,111 39,335 11,265 28,070 1,233 4,494 5,417 5,662 6,705 5,317 4,613 2,764 27,942 29,206 34,586 27,426 23,795 14,257 1959
1960.. 45,539 39,624 12,007 27,617 1,202 4,609 5,620 5,873 6,900 5,520 4,860 2,968 28,449 29,730 34,929 27,943 24,602 15,024 1960
1961 4. 46,418 40,405 12,366 28,039 1,293 4,643 5,735 6,037 7,188 5,592 5,069 2,993 28,763 30,278 36,051 28,046 25,423 15,011 1961
1962 5. 47,059 40,923 13,028 27,895 1,334 4,741 5,956 6,263 7,461 5,764 5,711 3,131 29,598 31,124 37,078 28,644 28,381 15,560 1962
1963.. 47,540 41,311 13,398 27,913 1,243 4,882 6,249 6,593 7,789 6,039 5,710 3,211 30,588 32,272 38,126 29,560 27,950 15,718 1963
1964.. 47,956 41,647 13,647 28,000 1,182 5,006 6,569 6,932 8,170 6,338 5,792 3,458 31,773 33,529 39,517 30,656 28,015 16,726 1964
1965 6. 48,509 42,108 14,183 27,925 1,179 4,992 6,957 7,265 8,597 6,592 6,148 3,532 33,158 34,626 40,974 31,418 29,302 16,834 1965
1966 7. 49,214 42,553 15,005 27,548 1,197 5,172 7,532 7,838 9,246 7,128 6,432 4,010 34,878 36,295 42,815 33,008 29,785 18,569 1966
1967 08. 50,111 43,292 15,845 27,447 1,210 5,333 7,933 8,441 9,956 7,611 6,814 4,294 35,622 37,903 44,706 34,176 30,597 19,282 1967
1968.. 50,823 43,841 16,638 27,203 1,229 5,439 8,632 9,144 10,686 8,215 7,321 4,477 37,321 39,535 46,202 35,518 31,653 19,357 1968
1969.. 51,237 44,436 17,464 26,972 1,221 5,580 9,433 10,001 11,629 8,879 8,340 4,822 39,025 41,375 48,110 36,733 34,503 19,949 1969
1970.. 51,948 44,739 17,568 27,172 1,258 5,950 9,867 10,516 12,276 9,304 9,012 5,093 38,942 41,504 48,450 36,720 35,568 20,101 1970
1971 09. 53,296 45,752 18,274 27,478 1,353 6,191 10,285 10,990 12,853 9,744 8,722 5,114 38,897 41,563 48,609 36,851 32,986 19,341 1971
1972.. 54,373 46,314 18,888 27,426 1,453 6,607 11,116 11,903 13,897 10,556 10,305 5,342 40,809 43,698 51,018 38,753 37,831 19,611 1972
1973.. 55,053 46,812 19,464 27,348 1,438 6,804 12,051 13,028 15,237 11,418 10,742 5,797 41,617 44,991 52,619 39,431 37,096 20,019 1973
1974 10 11 55,698 47,069 20,404 26,665 1,399 7,230 12,902 13,923 16,221 12,231 11,658 6,488 40,521 43,727 50,945 38,413 36,614 20,377 1974
1975 11. 56,245 47,318 20,833 26,486 1,444 7,482 13,719 14,867 17,237 12,752 12,995 6,844 39,790 43,120 49,993 36,985 37,690 19,850 1975
1976 12. 56,710 47,497 21,554 25,944 1,500 7,713 14,958 16,203 18,731 13,931 12,860 7,211 41,046 44,463 51,400 38,228 35,289 19,788 1976
1977.. 57,215 47,385 21,936 25,449 1,594 8,236 16,009 17,616 20,268 15,063 14,518 7,765 41,289 45,434 52,273 38,849 37,444 20,027 1977
1978.. 57,804 47,692 23,005 24,686 1,655 8,458 17,640 19,340 22,109 16,156 15,966 8,537 42,597 46,703 53,389 39,014 38,555 20,615 1978
1979 13. 59,550 49,112 24,187 24,925 1,733 8,705 19,587 21,429 24,861 17,706 16,808 9,880 43,144 47,202 54,761 39,001 37,023 21,763 1979
1980.. 60,309 49,294 24,752 24,542 1,933 9,082 21,023 23,141 26,879 18,972 17,519 10,408 41,637 45,832 53,235 37,575 34,697 20,614 1980
1981.. 61,019 49,630 25,002 24,628 1,986 9,403 22,388 25,065 29,247 20,325 19,889 10,960 40,502 45,345 52,911 36,770 35,981 19,828 1981
1982.. 61,393 49,908 25,480 24,428 2,016 9,469 23,433 26,019 30,342 21,299 20,140 11,484 39,954 44,363 51,734 36,315 34,339 19,580 1982
1983.. 61,997 50,090 26,177 23,913 2,030 9,878 24,580 27,286 32,107 21,890 21,845 11,789 40,226 44,655 52,545 35,824 35,750 19,293 1983
1984 14. 62,706 50,350 26,938 23,412 2,228 10,129 26,433 29,612 34,668 23,582 23,325 12,803 41,469 46,456 54,388 36,996 36,593 20,086 1984
1985 15. 63,558 50,933 27,489 23,445 2,414 10,211 27,735 31,100 36,431 24,556 22,622 13,660 42,015 47,112 55,188 37,199 34,269 20,693 1985
1986.. 64,491 51,537 28,498 23,038 2,510 10,445 29,458 32,805 38,346 25,803 24,962 13,647 43,811 48,788 57,029 38,375 37,124 20,296 1986
1987 16. 65,204 51,675 29,010 22,664 2,834 10,696 30,970 34,879 40,751 26,640 25,208 14,683 44,438 50,046 58,472 38,225 36,170 21,068 1987
1988.. 65,837 52,100 29,713 22,387 2,847 10,890 32,191 36,389 42,709 27,220 26,827 15,346 44,354 50,139 58,847 37,505 36,964 21,145 1988
1989.. 66,090 52,317 30,188 22,129 2,884 10,890 34,213 38,547 45,266 28,747 27,847 16,442 44,974 50,671 59,503 37,788 36,605 21,613 1989
1990.. 66,322 52,147 30,298 21,849 2,907 11,268 35,353 39,895 46,777 30,265 29,046 16,932 44,090 49,754 58,337 37,744 36,224 21,116 1990
1991.. 67,173 52,457 30,923 21,534 3,025 11,692 35,939 40,995 48,169 30,075 28,351 16,692 43,011 49,062 57,647 35,993 33,930 19,976 1991
1992 17. 68,216 53,090 31,389 21,701 3,065 12,061 36,573 41,890 49,775 30,174 27,576 17,025 42,490 48,668 57,828 35,056 32,038 19,780 1992
1993 18. 68,506 53,181 32,194 20,988 2,914 12,411 36,959 43,005 51,204 30,218 26,467 17,443 41,691 48,511 57,760 34,087 29,856 19,676 1993
1994 19. 69,313 53,865 32,902 20,962 3,228 12,220 38,782 44,959 53,309 31,176 27,751 18,236 42,655 49,449 58,633 34,289 30,522 20,057 1994
1995 20 69,597 53,570 32,677 20,893 3,513 12,514 40,611 47,062 55,823 32,375 30,358 19,691 43,436 50,335 59,706 34,627 32,470 21,061 1995
1996 70,241 53,604 33,242 20,362 3,847 12,790 42,300 49,707 58,381 33,748 31,600 19,911 43,945 51,640 60,651 35,060 32,829 20,685 1996
1997 70,884 54,321 33,535 20,786 3,911 12,652 44,568 51,591 60,669 36,027 32,960 21,023 45,262 52,395 61,614 36,588 33,473 21,350 1997
1998 71,551 54,778 33,680 21,098 3,977 12,796 46,737 54,180 63,751 37,161 35,681 22,163 46,737 54,180 63,751 37,161 35,681 22,163 1998
 
PERCENT CHANGE FROM
PRIOR YEAR SHOWN
 
1948.. 3.7 3.9 (NA) (NA) 4.3 -1.2 5.1 5.2 (NA) (NA) 12.2 -5.0 -2.9 -2.8 (NA) (NA) 3.7 -12.2 0.1
1949 2. 1.8 2.2 (NA) (NA) -1.7 -2.0 -2.5 -2.4 (NA) (NA) -14.4 1.9 -1.4 -1.2 (NA) (NA) -13.4 3.1 0.1
1950.. 1.6 0.8 (NA) (NA) -3.1 11.1 6.8 7.9 3.8 8.4 10.4 -8.6 5.6 6.6 2.6 7.2 9.2 -9.7 0.1
1951.. 1.6 1.9 (NA) (NA) -0.8 -0.2 11.8 11.3 15.7 9.6 10.8 15.5 3.5 3.1 7.1 1.5 2.6 6.9 0.1
1952 3. 0.6 1.7 13.8 -1.9 14.8 -4.7 4.9 5.8 5.8 4.9 4.7 0.7 3.1 4.0 4.0 3.1 2.9 -1.1 0.1
1953.. 0.9 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 9.0 7.6 10.3 8.0 13.8 9.8 8.3 6.9 9.5 7.3 13.0 9.1 0.1
1954.. 1.8 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) -1.8 -0.9 -1.3 -1.6 -2.4 -6.6 -2.4 -1.5 -2.0 -2.3 -3.1 -7.2 0.1
1955.. 2.2 2.2 8.7 0.1 6.8 0.3 6.0 6.1 5.4 6.8 4.4 7.7 6.4 6.5 5.7 7.2 4.7 8.1 0.1
1956.. 1.4 1.7 4.9 0.6 -12.4 3.0 8.2 8.1 6.0 7.4 -0.5 11.5 6.4 6.3 4.2 5.6 -2.2 9.6 0.1
1957.. 0.5 0.7 4.2 -0.6 5.0 -1.3 3.9 3.7 3.1 4.0 9.9 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.0 1.0 6.7 -2.6 0.1
1958.. 1.2 1.2 3.0 0.6 -0.5 0.5 2.4 3.1 1.2 3.1 -7.0 -0.8 -0.5 0.1 -1.7 0.1 -9.7 -3.6 0.1
1959.. 2.0 1.9 2.3 1.8 -4.0 3.7 6.5 6.5 7.9 6.7 8.3 0.8 5.8 5.9 7.2 6.0 7.6 0.2 0.1
1960.. 0.9 0.7 6.6 -1.6 -2.5 2.6 3.7 3.7 2.9 3.8 5.4 7.4 1.8 1.8 1.0 1.9 3.4 5.4 0.1
1961 4. 1.9 2.0 3.0 1.5 7.6 0.7 2.0 2.8 4.2 1.3 4.3 0.8 1.1 1.8 3.2 0.4 3.3 -0.1 0.1
1962 5. 1.4 1.3 5.4 -0.5 3.2 2.1 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.1 12.7 4.6 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.1 11.6 3.7 0.1
1963.. 1.0 0.9 2.8 0.1 -6.8 3.0 4.9 5.3 4.4 4.8 0.0 2.6 3.3 3.7 2.8 3.2 -1.5 1.0 0.1
1964.. 0.9 0.8 1.9 0.3 -4.9 2.5 5.1 5.1 4.9 5.0 1.4 7.7 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.7 0.2 6.4 0.1
1965 6. 1.2 1.1 3.9 -0.3 -0.3 -0.3 5.9 4.8 5.2 4.0 6.1 2.1 4.4 3.3 3.7 2.5 4.6 0.6 0.1
1966 7. 1.5 1.1 5.8 -1.4 1.5 3.6 8.3 7.9 7.5 8.1 4.6 13.5 5.2 4.8 4.5 5.1 1.6 10.3 0.1
1967 08. 1.8 1.7 5.6 -0.4 1.1 3.1 5.3 7.7 7.7 6.8 5.9 7.1 2.1 4.4 4.4 3.5 2.7 3.8 0.1
1968.. 1.4 1.3 5.0 -0.9 1.6 2.0 8.8 8.3 7.3 7.9 7.4 4.3 4.8 4.3 3.3 3.9 3.5 0.4 0.1
1969.. 0.8 1.4 5.0 -0.8 -0.7 2.6 9.3 9.4 8.8 8.1 13.9 7.7 4.6 4.7 4.1 3.4 9.0 3.1 0.1
1970.. 1.4 0.7 0.6 0.7 3.0 6.6 4.6 5.1 5.6 4.8 8.1 5.6 -0.2 0.3 0.7 0.0 3.1 0.8 0.1
1971 09. 2.6 2.3 4.0 1.1 7.6 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.7 4.7 -3.2 0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.3 0.4 -7.3 -3.8 0.1
1972.. 2.0 1.2 3.4 -0.2 7.4 6.7 8.1 8.3 8.1 8.3 18.1 4.5 4.9 5.1 5.0 5.2 14.7 1.4 0.1
1973.. 1.3 1.1 3.0 -0.3 -1.0 3.0 8.4 9.5 9.6 8.2 4.2 8.5 2.0 3.0 3.1 1.7 -1.9 2.1 0.1
1974 10 11 1.2 0.5 4.8 -2.5 -2.7 6.3 7.1 6.9 6.5 7.1 8.5 11.9 -2.6 -2.8 -3.2 -2.6 -1.3 1.8 0.1
1975 11. 1.0 0.5 2.1 -0.7 3.2 3.5 6.3 6.8 6.3 4.3 11.5 5.5 -1.8 -1.4 -1.9 -3.7 2.9 -2.6 0.1
1976 12. 0.8 0.4 3.5 -2.0 3.9 3.1 9.0 9.0 8.7 9.2 -1.0 5.4 3.2 3.1 2.8 3.4 -6.4 -0.3 0.1
1977.. 0.9 -0.2 1.8 -1.9 6.3 6.8 7.0 8.7 8.2 8.1 12.9 7.7 0.6 2.2 1.7 1.6 6.1 1.2 0.1
1978.. 1.0 0.6 4.9 -3.0 3.8 2.7 10.2 9.8 9.1 7.3 10.0 9.9 3.2 2.8 2.1 0.4 3.0 2.9 0.1
1979 13. 3.0 3.0 5.1 1.0 4.7 2.9 11.0 10.8 12.4 9.6 5.3 15.7 1.3 1.1 2.6 0.0 -4.0 5.6 0.1
1980.. 1.3 0.4 2.3 -1.5 11.5 4.3 7.3 8.0 8.1 7.2 4.2 5.3 -3.5 -2.9 -2.8 -3.7 -6.3 -5.3 0.1
1981.. 1.2 0.7 1.0 0.4 2.7 3.5 6.5 8.3 8.8 7.1 13.5 5.3 -2.7 -1.1 -0.6 -2.1 3.7 -3.8 0.1
1982.. 0.6 0.6 1.9 -0.8 1.5 0.7 4.7 3.8 3.7 4.8 1.3 4.8 -1.4 -2.2 -2.2 -1.2 -4.6 -1.3 0.1
1983.. 1.0 0.4 2.7 -2.1 0.7 4.3 4.9 4.9 5.8 2.8 8.5 2.7 0.7 0.7 1.6 -1.4 4.1 -1.5 0.1
1984 14. 1.1 0.5 2.9 -2.1 9.8 2.5 7.5 8.5 8.0 7.7 6.8 8.6 3.1 4.0 3.5 3.3 2.4 4.1 0.1
1985 15. 1.4 1.2 2.0 0.1 8.3 0.8 4.9 5.0 5.1 4.1 -3.0 6.7 1.3 1.4 1.5 0.5 -6.4 3.0 0.1
1986.. 1.5 1.2 3.7 -1.7 4.0 2.3 6.2 5.5 5.3 5.1 10.3 -0.1 4.3 3.6 3.3 3.2 8.3 -1.9 0.1
1987 16. 1.1 0.3 1.8 -1.6 12.9 2.4 5.1 6.3 6.3 3.2 1.0 7.6 1.4 2.6 2.5 -0.4 -2.6 3.8 0.1
1988.. 1.0 0.8 2.4 -1.2 0.5 1.8 3.9 4.3 4.8 2.2 6.4 4.5 -0.2 0.2 0.6 -1.9 2.2 0.4 0.1
1989.. 0.4 0.4 1.6 -1.2 1.3 0.0 6.3 5.9 6.0 5.6 3.8 7.1 1.4 1.1 1.1 0.8 -1.0 2.2 0.1
1990.. 0.4 -0.3 0.4 -1.3 0.8 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.3 5.3 4.3 3.0 -2.0 -1.8 -2.0 -0.1 -1.0 -2.3 0.1
1991.. 1.3 0.6 2.1 -1.4 4.1 3.8 1.7 2.8 3.0 -0.6 -2.4 -1.4 -2.4 -1.4 -1.2 -4.6 -6.3 -5.4 0.1
1992 17. 1.6 1.2 1.5 0.8 1.3 3.2 1.8 2.2 3.3 0.3 -2.7 2.0 -1.2 -0.8 0.3 -2.6 -5.6 -1.0 0.1
1993 18. 0.4 0.2 2.6 -3.3 -4.9 2.9 1.1 2.7 2.9 0.1 -4.0 2.5 -1.9 -0.3 -0.1 -2.8 -6.8 -0.5 0.1
1994 19. 1.2 1.3 2.2 -0.1 10.8 -1.5 4.9 4.5 4.1 3.2 4.9 4.5 2.3 1.9 1.5 0.6 2.2 1.9 0.1
1995 20 0.4 -0.5 -0.7 -0.3 8.8 2.4 4.7 4.7 4.7 3.8 9.4 8.0 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.0 6.4 5.0 0.1
1996 0.9 0.1 1.7 -2.5 9.5 2.2 4.2 5.6 4.6 4.2 4.1 1.1 1.2 2.6 1.6 1.3 1.1 -1.8 0.1
1997 0.9 1.3 0.9 2.1 1.7 -1.1 5.4 3.8 3.9 6.8 4.3 5.6 3.0 1.5 1.6 4.4 2.0 3.2 0.1
1998 0.9 0.8 0.4 1.5 1.7 1.1 4.9 5.0 5.1 3.1 8.3 5.4 3.3 3.4 3.5 1.6 6.6 3.8 0.1




NA Not available.
1 Based on 1940 census population controls.
2 Implementation of expanded income questions to show wage and salary, farm self-employment, nonfarm self-employment, and all other nonearned income separately.
3 Implementation of 1950 census population controls.
4 Implementation of first hot deck procedure to impute missing income entries (all income data imputed if any missing).
5 Implementation of 1960 census population controls.
6 Implementation of new procedures to impute missing data only.
7 Questionnaire expanded to ask eight income questions.
8 Implementation of a new March CPS processing system.
9 Implementation of 1970 census population controls.
10 Implementation of a new March CPS processing system questionnaire expanded to ask eleven income questions.
11 These estimates were derived using pareto interpolation and may differ from published data which were derived using linear interpolation.
12 First year medians are derived using both pareto and linear interpolation. Prior to this year all medians were derived using linear interpolation.
13 Implementation of 1980 census population controls questionnaire expanded to show 27 possible values from 51 possible sources of income.
14 Implementation of Hispanic population weighting controls.
15 Recording of amounts for earnings from longest job increased to $299,999.
16 Implementation of a new March CPS processing system.
17 Implementation of 1990 census population controls.
18 Data collection method changed from paper and pencil to computer-assisted interviewing. In addition, the March 1994 income supplement was revised to allow for the coding of different income amounts on selected questionnaire items. Limits either increased or decreased in the following categories: earnings increased to $999,999; Social Security increased to $49,999; Supplemental Security Income and Public Assistance increased to $24,999; Veteran's Benefits increased to $99,999; Child Support and Alimony decreased to $49,999.
19 Introduction of new 1990 census sample design.
20 Full implementation of the 1990 census-based sample design and and metropolitan definitions, 7,000 household sample reduction, and revised race edits.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Current Population Reports, Money Income in the United States, P60-206; and Internet site, (accessed 17 May 2000).

http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income.html

* CURRENT POPULATION SURVEY (MARCH ANNUAL DEMOGRAPHIC SURVEY)

Approximately 62,500 housing units were eligible to receive the 1995 Annual Demographic Survey. The basic monthly CPS sample of 60,000 housing units was supplemented by 2,500 housing units which had at least one Hispanic member the previous November. In addition, members of the Armed Forces, which are excluded from the basic CPS labor force survey, were part of the elibigle population in March. Because of the CPS sample rotation system, approximately one-half of the sample had been interviewed the previous March.

Interviewers used lap-top computers to administer the interview, asking questions as they appear on the screen and directly entering the responses obtained. With the exception of first and the fifth month-in-sample interviews, when an interviewer usually visited the sample unit, over 90 percent of the interviews were conducted by telephone.

Completed interviews were electronically transmitted to a central processor where the responses were edited for consistency, imputations were made for missing data, and various codes were added. Based on the probability of selection, a weight was added to each supplement-responding household and person record so that estimates of the population by state, race, age, sex, and Hispanic origin matched the population projections made by the Bureau of the Census. Since not every person who provided labor force information completed the supplement and the supplement was asked of members of the Armed Forces, the supplement weights vary from those used for labor force estimation.

* DEFINITIONS

Family

The term "family" refers to a group of two or more persons related by birth, marriage, or adoption who reside together; all such persons are considered as members of one family. For example, if the son of the person who maintains the household and the son's wife are members of the household, they are treated as members of the parent's family. Every family must include a reference person (see definition of householder for primary families); two or more people living in the same household who are related to one another, but are not related to the householder, form an "unrelated subfamily." Beginning with the 1980 CPS, unrelated subfamilies were excluded from the count of families and unrelated subfamily members were excluded from the count of family members.

Family households

Family households are households maintained by a family (as defined above). Members of family households include any unrelated persons (unrelated subfamily members and/or secondary individuals) who may be residing there. The number of family households will not equal the number of families since families living in group quarters are included in the count of families. In addition, the count of family household members differs from the count of family members in that the family household members include all persons living in the household, whereas family members include only the householder and his/her relatives. (See the definition of family).

Income

For each person in the Current Population Survey (CPS) sample 15 years old and over, questions were asked on the amount of money income received in the preceding calendar year from each of the following sources: 1) earnings from longest job (or self- employment); 2) earnings from jobs other than longest job; 3) unemployment compensation; 4) worker's compensation; 5) Social Security; 6) Supplemental Security income; 7) public assistance; 8) veterans' payments; 9) survivor benefits; 10) disability benefits; 11) pension or retirement income; 12) interest; 13) dividends; 14) rents, royalties, and estates and trusts; 15) educational assistance; 16) alimony; 17) child support; 18) financial assistance from outside of the household, and other periodic income. Capital gains and lump-sum or one-time payments are excluded. For definitions of alternative measures of income (definitions 1 through 15 shown in tables 10 through 12), see introductory text.

It should be noted that although the income statistics refer to receipts during the preceding calendar year, the demographic characteristics such as age, labor force status, and family or household composition are as of the survey date. The income of the family/household does not include amounts received by persons who were members during all or part of the income year if these persons no longer resided in the family/household at the time of interview. However, income data are collected for persons who are current residents but did not reside in the household during the income year.

Data on consumer income collected in the CPS by the Bureau of the Census cover money income received (exclusive of certain money receipts such as capital gains) before payments for personal income taxes, Social Security, union dues, Medicare deductions, etc. Therefore, money income does not reflect the fact that some families receive part of their income in the form of noncash benefits such as food stamps, health benefits, noncash benefits in the form of rent-free housing and goods produced and consumed on the farm; or that non-cash benefits are also received by some nonfarm residents which often take the form of the use of business transportation and facilities, full or partial payments by business for retirement programs, medical and educational expenses, etc. These elements should be considered when comparing income levels. Moreover, readers should be aware that for many different reasons there is a tendency in household surveys for respondents to underreport their income. From an analysis of independently derived income estimates, it has been determined that income earned from wages or salaries is much better reported than other sources of income, and is nearly equal to independent estimates of aggregate income.

Median income

Median income is the amount which divides the income distribution into two equal groups, half having incomes above the median, half having incomes below the median. The medians for households, families, and unrelated individuals are based on all households, families, and unrelated individuals. The medians for persons are based on persons 15 years old and over with income.

Mean income

Mean income is the amount obtained by dividing the total aggregate income of a group by the number of units in that group. The means for households, families, and unrelated individuals are based on all households, families, and unrelated individuals. The means for persons are based on persons 15 years old and over with income.

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https://allcountries.org/uscensus/748_median_income_of_families_by_type.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.